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2015  ローマの信徒への手紙におけるパウロの教えによるモーゼの律法と異邦人  単著   
アカデミア 人文・自然科学編  , 南山大学  , 10  , 93-106  , 2015.06   

概要(Abstract) 本研究は、ユダヤ人のキリスト教徒と異邦人のキリスト教徒から成る共同体に向けて書かれた、ローマの信徒への手紙の中で時折言及される、モーゼの律法と異邦人との関係に関するものである。どちらのグループも新しい現実を作り上げたが、いくつかの偏見が残っており、一つの共同体内における二つのグループ間の緊張をはらんでいる。その偏見の一つは、律法を持たない異邦人に関するもので、律法を持たない異邦人は神と契約を結んでいないとするものである。律法ではなくイエス・キリストへの信仰が救いの基本だということを説明するために、パウロは異邦人と律法との関係についていくつかの重要な言明をしている。まず、異邦人はモーゼの律法の対象ではないというものである。つまり彼らは律法によって裁かれることはない。彼らは人間の最も内面的な部分であり、判断の源である「本質的人間性」によって裁かれ、それは律法の知識によるものではないだろう。もし異邦人が正しく「本質的人間性」(nature)の営みに従っていれば、律法の知識の不足は彼らにとって不利益にはならない。この極めて思索的な言明によって、パウロはユダヤ人と異邦人が平等であるという基盤を作った。この基盤は救い主イエスに対する信仰心である。ユダヤ人は信仰によって許され、異邦人は信仰を通して許されるのである。 

備考(Remarks)  

2014  The Last Years of Herod the Great. The Life of Herod The Great according to the writings of Flavius Josephus (18-4B.C.)  単著  ISSN 0387-3730 
南山神学  , 南山大学  , 38  , 35  , 2015年3月   

概要(Abstract) The pater concerns the life of Herod the Great since 18 B.C, the end of basic building works at the Jerusalem Temple until his death in 4 B.C. The accounts concerning this period of Herod`s life are included in the Wars of the Jews and the Antiquities of the Jews. The account of the Wars of the Jews concentrate exclusively only on troubles inside Herod`s family, namely on conflict between the brethren, the sons of Herod and Mariamne (Alexander and Aristobulus IV) and the son of Herod and Doris (Antipater II). In fact it is conflict between the last decadence of the Hasmonean Dynasty (the sons of Mariamne) and the heir of the Herodian Dynasty (the son of Doris). The account of the Antiquities of the Jews although also presents the conflict between brethren but it is only one of many topics, and the conflict is presented in different way and different context. In the Antiquities, Josephus focus on many topics among those the most important are: Herod`s straggle to control the family matters; the tied relation with Rome in order to secure the kingdom; the problems concerning Herod`s successor.  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  The Conflict between Paul and Barnabas. Sitz im Leben of Ac 15, 36-40.  単著  ISSN 2185-3282 
アカデミア  , 南山大学  , 9  , 13  , 2015年1月   

概要(Abstract) This is a study of the account of a dispute between Paul and Barnabas concerning John, also called Mark, which Luke gives in Ac 15, 36-40. This peculiar account, which seems to be in opposition to the idealistic picture of the first generation Christian life-style (Ac 2, 42-47; 4, 32-37), is analyzed in its socio-historical context in order to understand the reason, aim and function of the account in the narrative structure of Acts. The analysis of Ac 15, 36-40 leads us to conclude that Luke had a purpose in inserting the account here concerning the conflict between Paul and Barnabas in an instrumental manner. The function of the account is to indicate the point when Luke`s narration changes from a general approach (a history of the first-generation Christians) to a particular approach (a history of Paul’s mission activities).

 

備考(Remarks)  

2014  アレオパゴスでのパウロの演説.パウロの第二宣教旅行に関するルカの物語におけるアレオパゴスの演説の目的  未設定  ISSN 2185-3282 
アカデミア  , 南山大学  , 8  , 13  , 2014年6月   

概要(Abstract) 本稿の主題は、パウロのアレオパゴスでの演説である(使徒17、22-31)。論文では、基本的な手法として、物語の分析を使用している。本稿の目的は、パウロの三つの宣教旅行に関するルカの物語の中におけるアレオパゴスでの演説の機能を確定することである。しかし、パウロの演説は第二宣教旅行の中の一つの物語であるので、この演説を分析するために必要な背景として、第二宣教旅行に主に焦点を当てる。ルカの物語の分析結果では、宣教旅行の物語の構造内にいくつかの類似点(それぞれの宣教旅行に関する物語に1つの演説が含まれる)があることを示している。それは次の想定を許す。筆者であるルカは、宣教旅行に関する三つの演説を別々の部分ではなく、筋の通った一つの物語として作成した。それぞれの演説は該当する宣教旅行の結論的な文章としてパウロの宣教旅行の一般的な主題や問題を示しているので、それぞれの演説には特定の機能がある。  

備考(Remarks)  

2013  A Race to the Throne of Judea. Herod the Great According to the Writings of Flavius Josephus  単著  ISSN 2185-3282 
アカデミア  , 南山大学  , 7  , 33-51  , 2014.01   

概要(Abstract) The paper concerns the beginning of Herod`s career (48-37 B.C.) according to Flavius Josephus’ accounts contained in The Wars of the Jews (Book 1.6-23) and Antiquities of the Jews (Book 14). The aim of the paper is to present the picture of Herod up to the time he started to rule the Kingdom of Judea (72-37 B.C.).  

備考(Remarks)  

2013  The Stereotype Character of Rom 1,18-32 as an Example of Tensions Between Jews and Gentiles in Rome. The Structure and Function of Rom 1, 18-32  単著  issn 2185-3282 
アカデミア  , 南山大学  , 6  , 13-31  , 2013.06   

概要(Abstract) This paper gives attention to Rom 1, 18-32 which presents an argument that the Gentiles, although they are without the Law, are also subject to punishment according to the law. Usually this fragment is considered to be a statement of Paul’s own opinion on the subject. We argue that Rom 1, 18-32 does not present Paul’s opinion concerning the guilt of the Gentiles, but functions as a presentation of a stereotypical Jewish accusation against them.  

備考(Remarks)  

2013  Herod, the King of Judaea. A life of Herod the Great according to writings of Flavious Josephus (37-18 B.C.)  単著  ISSN 0387-3730 
南山神学  , 南山大学人文学部キリスト教学科  , 37  , 29-64  , 2014.03   

概要(Abstract) The writings of the Flavius Josephus (Wars of the Jews; Antiquities of the Jews), are main sources of knowledge concerning the life of Herod the Great. In this paper we analyse the Josephus accounts (A.J.15.1-11; W.J.1.18-22) referring to the period of Herod`s life from the beginning of his reign (37 B.C.) until finishing the basic rebuilding of the Jerusalem Temple (18 B.C.). For analysis, we divided the period it into two parts. The first part (37-30 B.C.) concerns Herod`s straggle to secure his reign on international and domestic level.  

備考(Remarks)  

2012  Places and People in Luke`s Narrative of the Mission Journey of Saul. Socio-Narrative Interpretation of Ac 13-14  単著   
南山神学  , 南山大学  , 36  , 28  , 2013.03   

概要(Abstract) Concerning the mission journey, which was an initiative of the church of Antioch (Ac 13, 2-3), it can be said with a high degree of probability that the primary goal was only Cyprus (Ac 13, 5-6). However, because of the conversion of Sergius Paulus (Ac 13, 12), whose family held property in Pisidian Antioch, the mission plan was extended. This was most probably the reason why Mark left the group (Ac 13, 13). The mission in the region of Pamphilia, to judge from its fruits, must be counted as a success even it came at the cost of great hardship, especially for Paul himself (Ac 14, 5. 19; 2 Tm 3, 11). During the mission Paul and Barnabas addressed the Gospel not only to Jews of the Diaspora (Ac 13, 5) by also to Gentiles (Ac 13, 46-49). In both cases, they had both successes in terms of conversions, and failures in the form of opposition from the Jewish side and misunderstanding on the side of the Gentiles. In many places Christian groups were established which within a few years became quite strong and active (Ac 13, 8-18). It is difficult to be certain about the length of time of the journey . Paul left nothing in writing concerning this mission period. 

備考(Remarks)  

2012  Persona Non Grata? Saul between Damascus and Antioch  単著   
アカデミア  , 南山大学  , 5  , 20  , 2013.01   

概要(Abstract) The article concerns a period of Saul’s life from his conversion at Damascus until the so-called first mission journey of Paul (A.D. 34-44). The period contains four events: life and activities at Damascus; the first visit to Jerusalem after his conversion; his stay in his hometown Tarsus; mission work at Antioch. The purpose of the paper is to stress importance of this period in the development of the personality of the future apostle of the Gentiles. The process took a considerably long time and it contained a wide range of events and experiences. After a presentation of the chronology of the period, attention is given to analysis of each of the events which mostly focus on the relation between Saul after his conversion and the groups of Jesus’ believers.  

備考(Remarks)  

2012  To Save the Unity of the Church or to Create the Unity of Churches? The Purpose of the First Letter to the Corinthian  単著   
アカデミア  , 4  , 13  , 2012.06   

概要(Abstract) The general understanding in current scholarship concerning the purpose of the First Letter to Corinthians is that Paul wrote the letter in order to save the unity of the church at Corinth. This opinion is based on assumption that the church at Corinth was a united church from the time it was established by Paul. After apostle left the city and the community was left without its leader, diversity came to surface. In this study we attempt to show that the purpose of 1 Cor was to create a unity (understood as a harmony) among many household churches at Corinth. First, we argue that the church at Corinth was not one united church at the beginning, but many household churches which only occasionally met together. Next, we examine the text of 1 Cor 1, 10 where the topic of the Letter is presented, and show that Paul is asking for the establishment of a unity that did not yet exist; he is not attempting to protect an existing unity. After the analysis of the text we point out reasons for the diversity in Corinth, both on the socio-political level (1 Cor 1-4) and on the cultural-spiritual level (1 Cor 11-15), which in our opinion prove that these problems were obstacles to the creation of harmony and not a reason for the loss of an existing unity. Finally, Paul’s method of argumentation and persuasion is used as an indicator of the purpose of the letter. With a few exceptions, he avoids invoking authority. Instead he attempts to exhort the many household churches in Corinth towards forming a unity among them.  

備考(Remarks)  

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