研究者詳細

教職員基本情報
氏名
Name
MUNSI,Roger Vanzila ( ムンシ ロジェ ヴァンジラ , MUNSI,Roger Vanzila )
所属
Organization
国際教養学部国際教養学科
職名
Academic Title
准教授
個人または研究室WebページURL
URL
estrellaheiwa@wordpress
専攻分野
Area of specialization

文化人類学、歴史民俗資料学、社会学、宗教学

学会活動
Academic societies

南山学会
日本文化人類学学会
日本民俗学学会
宗教と社会学会
全国かくれキリシタン研究会
日本アフリカ学会
日本社会学会
日本比較文学会
ASSOCIATION FOR ASIAN STUDIES (AAS)
WORLD HISTORY ASSOCIATION (WHA)
SOCIETY FOR THE STUDY OF JAPANESE RELIGIONS (SSJR)
AMERICAN ACADEMY OF(AAR)
AFRICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF RELIGION (AASR)

社会活動
Community services

.神言修道会の社会福祉的活動団体(JPIC委員会)
.アフリカ研究会、アフリカサックル
.コンゴの子どものために「平和学園」という学校建設を進める

著書・学術論文数
No. of books/academic articles
総数 total number (13)
著書数 books (5)
学術論文数 articles (8)

出身学校
学校名
Univ.
卒業年月(日)
Date of Graduation
卒業区分
Graduation
   Classification2
Catholic University of Eastern Africa東アフリカカトリック大学社会科学部宗教学 1999年06月  卒業 
University Saint Augustin of KinshasaFaculty of PhilosophyPhilosophy 1993年07月  卒業 
詳細表示
出身大学院
大学院名
Grad. School
修了課程
Courses
   Completed
修了年月(日)
Date of Completion
修了区分
Completion
   Classification
神奈川大学大学院歴史民俗資料学研究科歴史民俗資料学専攻 博士後期課程  2008年03月  修了 
神奈川大学大学院歴史民俗資料学研究科歴史民俗資料学専攻 博士前期課程  2004年03月  修了 
詳細表示
取得学位
           
学位区分
Degree
   Classification
取得学位名
Degree name
学位論文名
Title of Thesis
学位授与機関
Organization
   Conferring the Degree
取得年月(日)
Date of Acquisition
博士 PhD 博士  かくれキリシタンの宗教活動とその社会的機能  ー宗教観と都市文化との相互的影響ー  神奈川大学大学院歴史民俗資料学研究科歴史民俗資料学専攻博士後期課程  2008年03月 
修士 MA 修士    神奈川大学大学院歴史民俗資料学研究科歴史民俗資料学専攻博士前期課程  2004年03月 
学士 BA 学士    Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUAE)Social Sciences科学Theology and Religious Studies神学・宗教学研究  1999年03月 
学士 BA 学士    Urbaniana Ponctifical UniversitySacred Theology 神学Sacred Theology 神学  1999年03月 
学士 BA 学士    Universite Saint Augustin de Kinshasa大学哲学部哲学研究科  1994年07月 
学士 BA 学士    Urbaniana Ponctifical University大学哲学部哲学科  1994年07月 
詳細表示
研究経歴
長期研究/短期研究
Long or Short
   Term research
研究課題名
Research Topic
長期研究  The Age-Old Ritual Practice of Ohatsuhoage: Intersection of Identities and Resources 

概要(Abstract) This study focuses on the Kakure Kirishitan survivors found in Nagasaki settings to reconfigure our actual understanding of the salient aspects and effects of their age-old ritual of Ohatsuhoage, using a micro-illustrative analysis. The synthesis suggested that the Ohatsuhoage ceremony constitutes a stable part of Kakure Kirishitan ideology, in which its followers critically take up membership in and identity with communities, which in turn serve as homes of these shared practices. Yet this collective ceremony essentially represents a religious practice that includes rice and sake offering and placatory gifts, prayers (Orasho), body movement, and communal meal sharing. Intriguingly, the potential of this ritually-prepared communal meal lies in its ability to shape participants’ psycho-religious imagination, reinforce their sense of belonging to community and collective memories and emotions, while at the same time grounding their identity formats and adaptation processes. Thus, for Kirishitan minorities, the Ohatsuhoage ceremony and its attendant beliefs continue to be historically deemed important and valuable enough to maintain their communities’ minimal religious and cultural survival in urban settings. In general, therefore, this study provided a refined interpretative tool for understanding how the old-age ritual of Ohatsuhoage has increasingly proven to be a definitive component of the various processes that ultimately enables Kakure Kirishitan survivors to be nurtured and resources by the strands of their long-standing spirituality and religion.  

長期研究  Folk Belief and Traditions of the Supernatiral among the Kakure Kirishitan: Disclosing 'Japanized Catholicism' 

概要(Abstract) This research focuses on aspects of folk belief and traditions of the supernatural experienced by the present-day remnants of Kakure Kirishitan (Hidden Christians) in Nagasaki prefecture in Japan. The aim is to establish a firm basis on which it is justified to speak of a kind of ‘Japanized Catholicism’. Using ethnographic techniques, the results suggest that the Kakure Kirishitan’s religion includes a mixture of rituals, liturgies, symbols, and a few texts developed and adapted, during persecution times by their predecessors, from remnants of 16th century Portuguese Catholicism, often camouflaging them in forms borrowed from the surrounding visible forms of Buddhism and Shinto. Moreover, Kakure Kirishitan communities have re-emerged today in urban contexts as corporate religious minorities whose ongoing struggle is to accomplish transition while retaining continuity with of the past. On the whole, the evidence lends credence to the conclusion that ‘Kakure Kirishitanism’ is not a Japanese folk religion but rather ‘Japanized Catholicism’. Thus, because their religion in particular defines who they are, to change religions, for Kakure Kirishitan individuals, would mean giving up their identity and the support and security that are embodied in it. In general, therefore, it seems that essential elements in the sociological, psycho-religious and spiritual experience of the Kakure Kirishitan constitute their significance in Japan’s socio-religious tradition.

Key words: Kakure Kirishitan, folk belief and traditions, supernatural, religious identity, ‘Japanized Catholicism’
 

長期研究  Kakure Kirishitan in Urban Contexts: An Ethnographic Analysis of the Survival Strategies 

概要(Abstract) The Present-day remnants of Kakure Kirishitan represent a tiny, marginalized minority of the local populace, and their survival is in question. During field investigation, it also became evident that some Kakure Kirishitan communities continue to organize religiously, while others have either disbanded, or have enriched themselves just a little more. So far, however, there has been little discussion about this particular facet of the subject. It is therefore of signal importance that research be conducted to delineate the nature and extent of this issue, and the ways in which religiously committed Kakure Kirishitan communities have attempted to survive in a variety of real world settings.
This article contributes to this inquiry by providing empirical evidence from Nagasaki districts, focusing on some of the specific survival strategies and practices implemented by Kakure Kirishitan communities to address often complex and fluctuating threats they are currently facing. 

長期研究  The Matrilineal Kinship Ideology and Religious Forms Identifying and Preserving Sakata Society 

概要(Abstract) The purpose of this ethnographic research is to offer a contribution to the analysis of the dominant sociological, cultural and religious patterns which actually secure the maintenance and survival of the society of the Basakata in contemporary setting. Initially, I will explore the question of whether the structuring processes by which the matrilineal kinship ideology and religious forms prove equally informative, in regard to their role and interrelationship in the Basakata lands. By using a mixed method approach, I hope to bring these two areas of social life of the Basakata into intelligible relationship in a single analysis. A further component of this analysis entails a narrative analysis of the distinct and apparently influential retention factors and their implications for today. The content of this paper is particularly significant in that there have been few other studies on this particular facet of the subject. 

長期研究  キリシタン神社の歴史と現状ー地域社会の宗教観をめぐってー 

概要(Abstract) 研究の目的と方法

本研究の主目的は、キリシタン神社の歴史と現在的考察への貢献を提供することである。それは具体的には、長崎市の渕町と黒崎町、および五島列島の新上五島町若松におけるキリシタン神社に関する歴史民俗資料学と文化人類学的考察であり、長年培ってきた現地調査と文献調査に基づく貴重な研究成果である。
今回は黒崎町の枯松神社(キリシタン神社)の特性を見出すとともに、かくれキリシタンを含む地域住民との関連性を論述することにある。ここで筆者は、2010年11月3日に行われる第11回枯松神社祭礼の社会組織的な側面に集中することを提議する。そうした点から、簡略にキリシタン神社の倫理と象徴的な側面にも触れることにする。後者は、前研究において深く検討されたものである(Munsi 2008)。
キリシタン神社の現状を観察した結果、地域住民の信仰形態に影響を与える文化的、社会的、宗教的側面が全体としておぼろげなら見えてきた。当該社会の法制度や歴史的・文化的背景に応じて、筆者は、次の考慮すべき属性を置き検討する。

1) キリシタン神社は、どのような文化的関心を表すのか、また、キリシタン神社の大祭礼がそのコミュニティ、あるいはかくれキリシタンのグループにおいて、どのような性格や位置づけを持ち、そしてそのためにどのような形式(構造)を取ってきたのか。
2) キリシタン神社の実態を把握するとともに、近年地域社会的変化の中で、かくれキリシタンがキリシタン神社、あるいはそれの持つ宗教的価値観を、どのように維持し、振舞っているか。 

長期研究  かくれキリシタンの宗教活動とその社会的機能Religious Activities and Related Social Aspects of Kakure Kirishitan in Japan 

概要(Abstract) 歴史的な迫害を受けつつ「キリスト教信者」として信仰を維持するために、外見的には形を変えながらも根幹の信仰の中身は変えることなく時を経てきた「かくれキリシタン」の信仰に興味をもち、彼らが現在に至るまで人類学的にどのような発展を遂げた、また、どのように信仰文化や社会組織を継承していったかを調査し、本研究のテーマとした。従来の「かくれキリシタン」研究は、主に宗教的実践と歴史的な背景に関心を集中してきた。これらの研究においては、いずれも重要な成果をあげている。ただし、そのいずれもが、(現時点に限定せずとりあげた文献は、歴史的な脈絡においても)かくれキリシタン信徒たちの家族構造(の絆)と信仰組織の社会結合を焦点としておらず、文化的・社会的な背景をもつ全体論的な考察への方向性を欠落させている。本研究を通じて、「かくれキリシタン」の組織とその地域文化的な要素間との関係における、人類学的分析のささやかな貢献を願っている。 

短期研究  Kakure Kirishitan in New Settings: Leadership Succession and Group Survival  

概要(Abstract) The purpose of this study is to look into some of the survival strategies the Kakure Kirishitan have implemented in addressing the leadership and group organizational challenges they currently face while safeguarding their religious convictions and creating and sustaining well-functioning communities in contemporary settings. The nature of the two themes generated different approaches, thus making the use of mixed-methods appropriate (Russell 2006). Within the interpretative perspective adopted, the majority of the data presented in this paper emerged from an ethnographic study I carried out at various dates between 2004 and 2013 among four differentially impacted Kakure Kirishitan communities which were active in Kurosaki, Kashiyama, and Wakamatsu districts (Nagasaki). Although there have been a number of studies on the Kakure Kirishitan, the particular sample and context of this study gives it its distinctive character. 

短期研究  コンゴのことばと国家とのインタフェ-ス 

概要(Abstract) 『言葉と国家』という研究対象を取り上げると、コンゴの状態はその一つの重要な事例だと思う。
. 多民族国家
  コンゴは複数の民族を基盤にして国家が成立し、多民族国家という。この民族国家nation‐stateであるコンゴは1960年6月30日にベルギーから政治的独立した。しかし、ここで成立したコンゴの国家は、植民地時代に人為的に引かれた境界をそのまま国境とするなど、植民地時代の遺産によって不合理な要素を含んでおり、民族自決権の確立、民族国家の形成がまだ課題として残されている。
.言語と国家
 コンゴの国家と民族言語の間には次のような関係がある。 (1)多言語が一国内で話されている.(2)一かニ言語が多民族国家で用いられる.たとえばスワヒリ語はザンビア、タンザニア、ケニアなどで公用語とされている。キコンゴ語はコンゴ共和国と、アンゴラなどで公用語とされている。リンガラ語はコンゴ共和国、アンゴラ、中央アフリカ共和国、ガボンなどで公用語とされている。
.言語政策
 国家が言語の統一と規準化などのために施す政策である。言語を支えているのはその言語を母語としている民族である。しかし政治単位であるコンゴの国家と言語の担い手である民族とは必ずしも一致しない。そこでコンゴの国家は統一を維持するために民族言語を規制しようとし、民族はこれに反発する。ここに言語紛争の根源がある。言語政策の内容は、公用語・標準語の制定、文字改革、表記法の変更、「国語」教育など である。以上、コンゴの言語使用状況において、少なくとも規範としてのフランス語の高い社会的地位prestigeが、民族語や国語のそれに比して、劣勢の状況にあることを述べた。この状況を形成する背景要因として、1)コンゴにおける民族語や国語の伝播の歴史ならびにその規範の形成過程、2)しばしば「民族語」や国語使用状況に重要な影響を及ぼすと見做されている母語(Mother Tongue)」教育について、それが現状ではほとんど機能不全に陥っている実情を実例とともに示した。コンゴの言葉と国家の問題を含む、このコンゴをめぐる混乱の最大の原因は、大国による新植民地主義にあるといわれている。 

短期研究  Rice, Sake, and Sashimi for God and Ancestors:Ethnography of ‘Hatsuhô’ among the Kakure Kirishitan 

概要(Abstract) Along with various relics, the ritual ceremony ‘Hatsuho’ is an essential element of the foundation of the Kakure Kirishitan. It merits remarking as well as that throughout the very long history (1873-onwards) of the tiny groups of the Kakure Kirishitan in Nagasaki Prefecture (Japan), it has been thought of as a key factor in identifying and preserving their religious culture and tradition. Central to the entire Hatsuho are Japanese rice, sahshimi and sake. These items are significant in that play a key role in being instruments by which the mediation between the visible and the invisible worlds, and the unity of the congregation of Kakure Kirishitan with God and the ancestors. Traditionally, Hatsuho has subscribed to the belief that it proved and continues to prove an important religious legacy which constitutes an alternative of the Roman Catholic ‘Mass’ in Kakure Kirishitan communities. Several studies into minority groups of Kakure Kirishitan have improved our understanding of their religious practices (Kataoka 1997; Miyazaki 2001; Turnbull 1998), but there is still insufficient data for salient aspects of the ritual ceremony Hatsuho.
This research is designed to offer a contribution to the analysis of sociological, cultural and religious of Hatsuho among the Kakure Kirishitan in Nagasaki prefecture. Interpretativism is advanced as a suitable philosophical framework for the prosecution of the study that offers a methodological rationale for a pragmatic, mixed-methods investigation. The study designs presents a raison d’etre for a phased approach to the work and data are accrued variously from qualtitaive, secondary and archival sources. 

短期研究  Psycho-Religious Dynamics of God, Ancestors and Shamanism in Sakata Land 

概要(Abstract) This study deals with “The Original Religion of the Congo” as experienced in Sakata land. It points out that the Supreme God for the people was the One and Almighty ruler of the Universe. However, for all practical purposes, the local gods and the ancestors, while occupying a position inferior to the God of the universe, were the real objects of religious concern and veneration. The Supreme God was too exalted and too distant to be concerned with the affairs of men.
Sakata shamans thus take up such beliefs to perform rituals which protray the interaction between faith and health in Sakata land.
From the anthropological and psycho-religious point of view, one can argue that:
some of the facts bound up with the awe and wonder that life and deatharoused in the intelligent minds of primitive men. As regards the deity, it is hard to draw conclusions about how He was imagined, but “belief in spiritual beings” might signify “the minimum definition of belief in God.” Animism saw spirits in trees, rocks, rivers, flowers, mountains, clouds and oceans. From animism it was no long step to polytheism. From polytheism, human intelligence discerned the need for some sort of monotheism. Men could not avoid feeling that some being transcends even the universe itself and which is its ground and support, determining the operations of nature and the destinies of men.
However, the natural order with its numerous spirits and gods, made the Supreme Being a very vague and inoperative figure obscured in the mists of animism, polytheism and belief in ancestral influences. 

詳細表示
著書
年度
Year
著書名
Title of the books
著書形態
Form of Book
NeoCILIUS
   請求番号/資料ID
Request No
出版機関名 Publishing organization,判型 Book Size,頁数 No. of pp.,発行年月(日) Date
2016  『キリシタン神社の歴史と現状―地域社会の宗教観をめぐって』  単著   
B5  , 400  , 査読中   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  The Dancing Church of the Congo. Missionary Paths in a changing Society (Revised Edition)  単著   
A5  , 2016/03/31予定    

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) (Revised edition) 査読中 

2015  『村上茂の生涯―カトリックへ復帰した外海・黒崎かくれキリシタンの指導者』  単著   
聖母の騎士社  , B5  , 153 p.  , 2015年6月25日   

概要(Abstract) この本はかくれキリシタンの帳方(指導者)として活躍っされた故・村上茂(1919年-2005年)の生涯を紹介することを目的としている。彼の生涯の一面を、具体的に描写することが私の意図するところである。そうすることにより、私は彼に敬意を払い、また彼の魂の遍歴も、私たち自身を照らすことができるように思う。
 

備考(Remarks) The main parts of the book has been put into a CD which also contains the Orasho (prayer of Kakure Kirishitan) recited by the late Murakami Shigeru and the current leader,Murakami Shigenori. 

2015  『村上茂の生涯―カトリックへ復帰した外海・黒崎かくれキリシタンの指導者』 CD版  共著   
聖母の騎士社  , その他  , 2015/07/15   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) CD版 

2012  『村上茂の伝記―カトリックへ復帰した外海・黒崎かくれキリシタンの指導者』  単著   
聖母の騎士社  , B5  , 288p.  , 2012/11/03   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) 1.長崎新聞、長崎テレビ(NCC)で紹介された書 (Nov.16, 2012。

2. This book has been reviewed by Prof. Peter Knecth ペトロ クネヒト(元南山大学教授), In 『神奈川学評論 74』(2013), pp. 170-171 

2012  『ことばと国家のインターフィエス』, 「コンゴ民主共和国における言語と国家の現状」  共著   
南山大学地域研究センター共同研究シリス6 (行路社)  , A5  , 373p 、 【185-224 (40p)】  , 2012/03/31   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2009  『世界中のアフリカへ行こう―<旅する文化>のガイドブック』、「コンゴはどうして貧しいか」  共著   
岩波書店  , B5  , 177p  【60-80 (20p)】  , 2009/05   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2007  The Dancing Church of the Congo. Missionary Paths in a changing Society  単著   
CEEBA Publications  , その他  , 206  , 2007/12   

概要(Abstract) “This book is an attempt to show the need for genuine evangelization in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) against the background of the missionary challenge in the three conflicting African worlds today: Christian faith, African traditions, and contemporary cultures buffered by the winds of globalization.
In its task to both make a critical analysis and to break some new ground concerning this matter, this book is primarily intended to Congolese Christians, especially members of the Communautés écclesiales vivantes de base [Basic Living Christian Communities] (CEVB) and those of other parish spiritual groups. It is also designed to serve as a useful instrument of study for young Congolese students. From them, considerable insights and creativity in the life and mission of the Catholic Church in the Congo are expected in this Third Millennium.
For this purpose, the author strove, from a theological and a missionary-anthropological stand point, to organize this book in such a way as to both enkindle new interest in genuine evangelization in this context, an instill further reflection on some existing outstanding efforts by the Catholic Church in the Congo for this purpose. Specifically, this book tries to point out the implications for Congolese Christians of the initiatives the local Catholic Church has set in motion. The initiatives have been made to allow members of Congolese Christian Communities to play a vital role in bringing Christ into the life of the Congo. It is my hope that this book can reflect my concern for successful evangelization of Africa and especially of the Congo DRC, and that it can explain for readers the means which the Congolese Catholic Church has chosen to bring this evangelization about.”
(From the Preface by the Author) 

備考(Remarks) “The African response to the global flow of ideas and images is creative and contains many continuities with its own tradition.
The Dancing Church of the Congo, as delineated by the author of this book, indicates the way forward for inculturation in Africa. This is an important contribution to the ongoing discussion concerning Church and culture in general, and in Africa in particular.”
(From the Foreword by Aylward Shorter, a British-born Missionary of Africa and Catholic missiological anthropologist and Africanist, who studied under Evans-Pritchard at Oxford University and has had an extensive experience of living and working in East Africa.) 

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年度
Year
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共著区分
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掲載誌名 Journal name,出版機関名 Publishing organization,巻/号 Vol./no.,頁数 Page nos.,発行年月(日) Date
2016  Kakure Kirishitan Survivors  単著   
Perspektif. Jurnal Agama dan Kebudayaan.  , 11/1  , 1-22  , 2016/06   

概要(Abstract) Recent scholarship on the present-day remnants of Kakure Kirishitan (Hidden Christians) in Japan has tended to emphasize the least telling and distinctive aspects of their very real life experiences and struggles in Nagasaki. This research was instead conducted to highlight the singularity of some salient socio-cultural, psycho-religious, and spiritual constructs that define and determine Kakure Kirishitan survivors in urban settings, and to forge a connection between these significant characteristics. Using ethnographic and observational techniques, the results suggest that Kakure Kirishitan individuals have been intrinsically and extrinsically characterized by remarkable spiritual motivation and persistence, psycho-religious experiences and emotions, as well as vivid historical, Christian and moral references to their deceased predecessors. In particular, the few remaining Kakure Kirishitans have, through shrines and festivals, consciously sought the viability of their religious beliefs and practices in the public sphere, while privately forming and reaffirming suitable images of community. The analysis reinforces the importance of recognizing how sharing common heritage, identity and cherished memories have reinforced the uniqueness and practical value of Kakure Kirishitan communities in their continuing spiritual path and reveals a number of distinctive elements of their religious symbolism imbued with local customs and values. The study provides a refined interpretative tool for demonstrating how the essentially dynamic interplay between specific religious components of Kakure Kirishitan believers mirrors closely the elements of their struggle to achieve transition with experiences of religious adjustment and survival, while maintaining the persistent patterns of the past.

Keywords: Kakure Kirishitan survivors; religious constructs; spiritual constructs; sharing; remembering deceased predecessors; Japanese shrine festivals; time-persistent relational patterns; Nagasaki Christians.
 

備考(Remarks) Revised short version of the previous article. 

2016  The Society of the Sakata in the Congo: Socio-Political and Religious Organizational Patterns  単著   
3  , pp.165-222  , 2016/04/22   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2015  Kakure Kirishitan Survivors  単著   
The Japan Mission Journal  , ORIENS INSTITUTE FOR RELIGIOUS STUDIES  , 69/4  , pp. 267-280  , 2015年12月   

概要(Abstract) Recent scholarship on the present-day remnants of Kakure Kirishitans (Hidden Christians) in Japan has tended to emphasize the least telling and distinctive aspects of their very real life experiences and struggles in Nagasaki. This research was rather conducted to highlight the singularity of some salient socio-cultural, psycho-religious, and spiritual constructs that define and determine Kakure Kirishitan survivors in urban settings, and to forge a connection between these significant characteristics. Using ethnographic and observational techniques, the results suggest that Kakure Kirishitan individuals have been intrinsically and extrinsically characterized by remarkable spiritual motivation and persistence, psycho-religious experiences, and emotions, as well as vivid historical, Christian, and moral references to their deceased predecessors. In particular, the few remaining Kakure Kirishitans have, through shrines and festivals, consciously sought the viability of their religious beliefs and practices in the public sphere, while privately forming and reaffirming suitable images of community. The analysis reinforces the importance of recognizing how sharing common heritage, identity, and cherished memories have reinforced the uniqueness and practical value of Kakure Kirishitan communities in their continuing spiritual path, while revealing a number of distinctive elements of their religious symbolism that are also imbued with local customs and values. The study provides a refined interpretative tool for demonstrating how the essentially dynamic interplay between specific religious components of Kakure Kirishitan believers mirrors closely the elements of their struggle to achieve transition with experiences of religious adjustment and survival, while maintaining the persistent patterns of the past.


Keywords: Kakure Kirishitan survivors; religious forms; spiritual values; sharing; remembering deceased predecessors; Japanese shrine festivals; time-persistent relational patterns; Nagasaki Christians
 

備考(Remarks) Published 

2015  Kakure Kirishitan Survivors: A Study of Socio-Cultural, Psycho-religious and Spiritual Constructs  単著   
Swedish Missiological Themes  , UPPSALA UNIVERSITY  , 102/4  , pp. 351-390  , 2015/11   

概要(Abstract) Recent scholarship on the present-day remnants of Kakure Kirishitans (Hidden Christians) in Japan has tended to emphasize the least telling and distinctive aspects of their very real life experiences and struggles in Nagasaki. This research was rather conducted to highlight the singularity of some salient socio-cultural, psycho-religious, and spiritual constructs that define and determine Kakure Kirishitan survivors in urban settings, and to forge a connection between these significant characteristics. Using ethnographic and observational techniques, the results suggest that Kakure Kirishitan individuals have been intrinsically and extrinsically characterized by remarkable spiritual motivation and persistence, psycho-religious experiences, and emotions, as well as vivid historical, Christian, and moral references to their deceased predecessors. In particular, the few remaining Kakure Kirishitans have, through shrines and festivals, consciously sought the viability of their religious beliefs and practices in the public sphere, while privately forming and reaffirming suitable images of community. The analysis reinforces the importance of recognizing how sharing common heritage, identity, and cherished memories have reinforced the uniqueness and practical value of Kakure Kirishitan communities in their continuing spiritual path, while revealing a number of distinctive elements of their religious symbolism that are also imbued with local customs and values. The study provides a refined interpretative tool for demonstrating how the essentially dynamic interplay between specific religious components of Kakure Kirishitan believers mirrors closely the elements of their struggle to achieve transition with experiences of religious adjustment and survival, while maintaining the persistent patterns of the past.


Keywords: Kakure Kirishitan survivors; religious constructs; spiritual constructs; sharing; remembering deceased predecessors; Japanese shrine festivals; time-persistent relational patterns; Nagasaki Christians
 

備考(Remarks) Pubished 

2013  Kakure Kirishitan in Urban Contexts: An Ethnographic Analysis of Survival Strategies  単著   
THE JAPAN MISSION JOURNAL  , ORIENS INSTITUTE FOR RELIGIOUS RESEARCH  , 68/1  , pp.39-57  , 2014/03   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) Published 

2012  「枯松神社と祭礼―地域社会の宗教観をめぐって」  単著   
『人類学研究所研究論集』  , 南山大学 人類学研究所  , 1号  , pp.83-113  , 2013/03/31   

概要(Abstract) 長崎市下黒崎町の山中にある枯松神社は日本でキリスト教が禁止されていた時代、かくれキリシタンが密かに集い祈りを捧げてきた神社である 。この神社は神道ではなく、いわゆる「キリシタン神社(キリシタンを祀っている神社)」の一つである(片岡1997;宮崎2001)。「キリシタン神社」は日本におけるキリシタン伝来地の日本独特の宗教建設である。

本研究は黒崎地域の枯松神社と大祭礼の歴史と現状を記すした上で、地域社会の宗教観を考察することを目的としている。そのために、第一に、黒崎地域の基礎資料や文献にもとづいて、枯松神社の形式・展開過程について史的な考察を加える。第二に、枯松神社の実態を、黒崎地域でのフィールド調査にもとづいて記述する。第三に、枯松神社が黒崎地域でどのように受け止められるかを検討する。  

備考(Remarks)  

2012  Japan's Hidden Christians in Contemporary settings  単著   
SMT (Swedish Missiological Themes)  , Swedish Institute for Mission Research  , 100/4  , 351-390 (40p.)  , 2012/12   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2011  Conversion Experiences among the Kakure Kirishitan  単著   
The Japan Mission Journal  , Oriens Institute for Religious Research  , 65./3  , pp.162-183 (22p.)  , 2011/9   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) Academic Article (Published) 

2008  Kakure Kirishitan in the New Urbanized Context of Kurosaki  単著   
The Japan Mission Journal  , Oriens Institute  , 64/4  , 22  , 2008/12   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2007  「かくれキリシタンの宗教活動とその社会的機能-価値観と都市文化の相互的影響-」 (博士論文)  単著   
神奈川大学大学院歴史民俗資料学研究科  , 2008/03/25   

概要(Abstract) 本論文は長崎県外海地方におけるかくれキリシタンの宗教活動とその社会的機能・側面を文化人類学的穂方で実証的に検討するものである。かくれキリシタン社会に焦点を当て、彼らの日常生活に潜む宗教性および地域風習の現状を考察すべく、筆者はインテンシブな現地調査を重ね、自ら長崎県外海町、黒崎町、樫山町を訪れ、この地域のかくれキリシタンの歴史と社会変動の過程との間に見られる相関関係を明らかに小と試みてきた。
従来の研究では、歴史的、宗教的アプローチによってのみ分析されてきたかくれキリシタンを、筆者は文化人類学、社会学の視点を中心に据えつつ、特には親類学、神学的手法も取り入れて、かくれキリシタンの全体論敵に実態の解明を試みた。また、その視点によって、これまでの歴史的研究および文化的研究にとどまらず、人文科学の視点を加えることで新たな問題提起ができるのではないかと考えた。とくに、彼らの日常生活と宗教との間に見られる密接な関連、キリスト教〔カトリック〕、仏教、神道の書く要素が融合した比類ない文化の独自性を複服的に考証するのが本論文の最大の特質である。
 

備考(Remarks)  

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その他研究業績
年度
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題名等
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2016  Chanter, s’attacher et transmettre chez les Darhad de Mongolie (Singing, Attachement and Transmission among the Darhads of Mongolia)  書評  単著 
Annual Paper of Nanzan Anthropological Institute『年報人類学研究』  , Nanzan Anthropological Institute  , 第7号の編集作業  , 9  , 2017/03/31   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) BOOK REVIEW 

2011  De l’ombre à la lumière, de l’individu à la nation. Ethnographie du renouveau shamanique en Mongolie postcommuniste (from shadow to light, from the individual to the nation: An ethnology of the shamanic revival in post-communist Mongolia)  書評  単著 
Asian Ethnology  , Nazan Institute for religion and Culture  , 70/2  , 9  , 2011/12   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) Book Review (Published) 

2011  A LETTER FROM AN ISLAND (MYOE 1197,36-39)  翻訳  単訳 
Hawai'i University Press  , pp:81-85  , 2011   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) “A Letter to an Island.” Myoe 1197, 36-39. 英訳 [Translation from French], In James W. Heisig, Thomas P. Kasulis, John C. Maraldo (eds.) 2011. Japanese Philosophy. A Source Book. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. pp. 81-85.

 

2010  Kakure Kirishitan in the New Urban Context of Kurosaki (Nagasaki)  Field Report/Monograph  単著 
Honolulu  , AAS (Association for Asian Studies)  , 2011/03/31   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2010  The Matrilineal Kinship Ideology and Religious Forms Identifying and Preserving Basakata Society  Field Report/Monograph  単著 
Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture  , Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture  , 42  , 2011/02/24   

概要(Abstract) This paper explores the socio-religious systems that the society of the Basakata depends on for its identity and continued existence in the hinterland of the Congo. Using a variety of ethnographic techniques, the findings suggest that the matrilineal kinship ideology and religious forms that permeate the lives of the Basakata have effectively enabled them to maintain and preserve their collective cultural identity in a changing environment. On the whole, the study demonstrates that the close connection between the historically constructed forms of social organization and religious determinants have increasingly ensured the combination of adaptation and continuity in the Basakata homeland.
Key words: Sakata society; matrilineal kinship system; ethnic religion; post-modern influences 

備考(Remarks) This is an ongoing ethnographic research on the Baskata of the Congo-Kinshasa.

Among the Basakata the matrilineal kinship ideology and religious traditions play a vital role in crystallizing ethnic identity and articulating people’s interests. This combination of findings therefore provides some support, if the analysis of this paper has any merit, for the conceptual premise that these two areas of social life have intersected in important ways throughout the culture history of the Basakata in the hinterland of the Congo. It is important to emphasize that these two areas of social life should be viewed in their functional relation to each other, for it must be realized that in their totality these provide a common pattern of behavior as well as a psycho-religious experience for the Basakata in contemporary settings. 

2010  ケキ(Keki)渓谷(バンドゥンドゥ州)における石器制作   調査報告  単著 
南山考人  , 南山考古文化人類学研究会  , 38  , 3  , 2010/3   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2010  キリシタン神社の歴史と現状ー地域社会の宗教観をめぐってー  研究発表  単著 
南山宗教文化研究所  , 南山宗教文化研究所  , 2010/12/17   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2010  コンゴのことばと国家とのインタフェス  研究発表  単著 
南山大学  , 南山地域研究会  , 2010/10/20   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2010  キリシタン神社のもつ感性、価値、効果  調査報告  単著 
南山人類学研究所共同研究会  , 南山人類学研究所  , 24p.  , 2010/10/06   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2010  L'invention des morts [The Invention of the Dead]   書評  単著 
Asian Ethnology  , Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture  , 69/2  , 9 (pp.365-370)   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) Book Review (Published) 

詳細表示
学術関係受賞
年度
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2013  カトリック学術奨励金研究奨励金  著書:『村上茂―カトリックへ復帰した外海・黒崎かくれキリシタンの指導者』 The Biography of Murakami Shigeru: A Kakure Kirishitan Leader from Sotome-Kurosaki who [re]converted to Catholicism  2013年06月07日 
日本カトリック大学連盟 会長ミカエル・カラマノ 

備考(Remarks)  

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研究発表
年度
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2016  Japan's Hidden Christians in Contemporary Settings   単独  2016/11/10 
The Interreligious Study in Japan Program (ISJP)  , NCC Institute for Religious Studies (Kyoto)   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  外海におけるキリスト教史、枯松神社と祭礼  共同  2016/10/12 
オラショ講座、かくれキリシタンの祈り  , Nanzan Katolikos   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) Guest Speaker 

2016  「コンゴはどうして貧しいか」  単独  2016/07/17 
国際教養学部模擬授業  , 南山大学国際教養学部国際教養学科   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  「豊かさと遠い平和」鉱山資源国・コンゴ民主共和国のジレンマ]  単独  2016/06/04 
NAGOYA UNESCO ACTIVITIES  , NAGOYA UNESCO BRANCH   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  「コンゴはどして貧しいか」  単独  2016'11/12 
国際教養学部模擬授業  , 南山大学国際教養学部国際教養学科   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2015  Kirishitan Shrines and Festivals in Japan: Looking at the Religiosity of Local Communities  単独  2015/07/06 
INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION OF ASIA SCHOLARS (ICAS)  , Australian Association for Religious Studies   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  Kakure Kirishitan in Contemporary Settings  単独  2014/11/11 
Interreligious Study in Japan Program (ISJP)  , NCC宗教研究所   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) GUEST LECTURE based on Field Research on Kakure Kirishitan found in Shimo Kurosaki and Shinkamigoto 

2014  「私と枯松神社祭との関わり」  単独  2014/11/03 
枯松神社祭  , 枯松神社祭実行員会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) KEYNOTE LECTURE based on 10 years of field notes and direct observations. 

2014  「サン・ジワン枯松神社と祭礼―地域社会の宗教観をめぐって」  単独  2014/10/12 
天理きりしたんワークショップ  , 天理大学   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2013  Folk Belief and Traditions of the Supernatural among the Kakure Kirishitan: Disclosing 'Japanized Catholicism'  単独  2014/03/24-30 
Island Dynamics -Folk Belief and Traditions of the Supernatural: Experience, Place, Ritual, and   , Adam Grydehoj  , 22   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

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2015  南山大学パッヘ研究奨励金I-A-2  AN ETHNOGRAPHY OF KIRISHITAN SHRINE IN JAPAN 
     

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  南山大学パッヘ研究奨励金I-A-2  AN ETHNOGRAPHY OF KIRISHITAN SHRINE IN JAPAN 
     

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2011  南山大学パッヘ研究奨励金I-A-2  「キリシタン神社の歴史と現状―地域社会の宗教観をめぐって」 
     

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2009  南山大学パッヘ研究奨励金I-A-2  「キリシタン神社の歴史と現状―地域社会の宗教観をめぐって」 
     

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

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2015  コンゴ東部における内戦―新植民地主義をめぐって 

アフリカ研究会の活動 

2015/04/01~2016/01/20 
2014  コンゴ民主共和国における文化と首長生社会 

コンゴの民族集団(特にサカタ族)の社会的組織と文化について現代の文化人類学の視点で分析、議論した。

(アフリカ研究会) 

2014/04/01~2015/01/20 
2013  アフリカの歴史と現状ーアフリカ諸国の発展が可能か 

アフリカ研究会の活動 

2013/04/01~2014/01/20 
2012  アフリカの歴史と現状ーアフリカ諸国の発展が可能か 

アフリカ研究会の活動 

2012/04/01~2013/01/20 
2010  アフリカの歴史と現状ーアフリカ諸国の発展が可能か 

アフリカ研究会 

2010/04/01~2011/01/20 
詳細表示
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年度
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2015  Aspects of the Interculturality  2015/04/10-2014/04/11 

活動内容等(Content of Activities) 文化の多様性をどういきるかを議論する

ゲスト.スピカー(神言修道会・ザヴィエルハイズの教育活動) 

2015  研究テーマ  2015/04/01-2016/03/31 

活動内容等(Content of Activities) 1. キリシタン神社の歴史と現状ー地域社会の宗教観をめぐってー

(後の著書のため)

2. The Matrilineal Kinship Ideology and Religious Deterinants Identifying and Preserving Sakata Society

(Article in completion)

3. Hidden Memories of the Mabi Chiefdom in the Sakata Lands, Congo
(Book in completion)

4. Traditional Medecine and Shamanism in the Sakata lands, Congo
(Article in completion)

5. サン・ジワン枯松神社ー歴史と現状ー
 (研究発表、論文)

6. Kakure Kirishitan Survivors: A Study of the Socio-cultural, Psycho-Religious and Spiritual Constructs

  (研究発表、論文)
7.Kirishitan Shrines and Festivals in Japan: Looking at the Religiosity of the Local Communities
(研究発表、論文).
7. Kirishitan Shrines and Festivals in Japan: Looking at the Religiosity of Local Communities.
(研究発表、論文)
Paper to be presented at the 9th International Convention of Asian Scholars, Adelaide (Australia), July 6, 2015

8. The Dancing Church of the Congo: Missionary Paths in a Changing Society. Revised Edition.
 

2015  WORKSHOP ON INTERCULTURALITY  2015/01/17-2015/02/04 

活動内容等(Content of Activities) Formation of Interculturality Resource Persons
(Nemi-Rome, Italy) 

2014  研究テーマ  2014/04/1-2015/03/31 

活動内容等(Content of Activities) 1. キリシタン神社の歴史と現状ー地域社会の宗教観をめぐってー

(後の著書のため)

2. The Matrilineal Kinship Ideology and Religious Deterinants Identifying and Preserving Sakata Society

(Article in completion)

3. Hidden Memories of the Mabi Chiefdom in the Sakata Lands, Congo
(Book in completion)

4. Traditional Medecine and Shamanism in the Sakata lands, Congo
(Article in completion)

5. サン・ジワン枯松神社ー歴史と現状ー
 (研究発表、論文)

6. Kakure Kirishitan in Urban Contexts: An Ethnographic of Survival Strateg

  (研究発表、論文)
 

2013  研究テーマ  2013/04/01-2014/03/31 

活動内容等(Content of Activities) 1. キリシタン神社の歴史と現状ー地域社会の宗教観をめぐってー

(後の著書の内容)

2. The Matrilineal Kinship Ideology and Religious Deterinants Identifying and Preserving Sakata Society

(Article in completion)

3. Hidden Memories of the Mabi Chiefdom in the Sakata Lands, Congo  第二部調査 (Book in completion)

4. Traditional Medecine and Shamanism in the Sakata lands, Congo
(Article in completion)

5. サン・ジワン枯松神社ー歴史と現状ー
 (研究発表、論文)

 

2012  研究テーマ  2012/04/01-2013/03/31 

活動内容等(Content of Activities) 1. キリシタン神社の歴史と現状ー地域社会の宗教観をめぐってー

(後の著書のため)

2. The Matrilineal Kinship Ideology and Religious Deterinants Identifying and Preserving Sakata Society

(Article in completion)

3. Hidden Memories of the Mabie Chiefdom in the Sakata Lands, Congo
(Book in completion)

4. Traditional Medecine and Shamanism in the Sakata lands, Congo
(Article in completion)

5. サン・ジワン枯松神社ー歴史と現状ー
 (研究発表、論文)
6. The Dancing Church of the Congo: Missionary Paths in a Changing Society. Revised Edition.
 

2011  研究テーマ  2011/04/01-2012/03/31 

活動内容等(Content of Activities) 1. キリシタン神社の歴史と現状ー地域社会の宗教観をめぐってー

(後の著書のため)

2. The Matrilineal Kinship Ideology and Religious Deterinants Identifying and Preserving Sakata Society

(Article in completion)

3. Hidden Memories of the Mabi Chiefdom in the Sakata Lands, Congo
(Book in completion)

4. Traditional Medecine and Shamanism in the Sakata lands, Congo
(Article in completion)

5. サン・ジワン枯松神社ー歴史と現状ー
 (研究発表、論文)

6. Conversion Experience among the Kakure Kirishitan

  (研究発表、論文)

7. The Dancing Church of the Congo: Missionary Paths in a Changing Society. Revised Edition.

8. Japanese Hidden Christians in Contemporary Settings

Paper presented at Lund University (Sweden) (March 2012) during the Open Seminar on Interfaith
 

2010  Research Papers  Fall 2010 

活動内容等(Content of Activities) 1.「キリシタン神社」 、人類学研究所第二共同研究会
2.「コンゴのことばと国家とのインタフェス」、南山地域研究会
3.「キリシタン神社の歴史と現状ー日本人の宗教観に触れてー」、南山宗教文化研究所 

2010  研究テーマ  2010/04/01-2011/03/31 

活動内容等(Content of Activities) 1. キリシタン神社の歴史と現状ー地域社会の宗教観をめぐってー

(本の出版2011年度予定)

2. The Matrilineal Kinship Ideology and Religious Deterinants Identifying and Preserving Sakata Society

(Article in completion)

3. Hidden Memories of the Mabi Chiefdom in the Sakata Lands, Congo
(Book in completion)

4. Traditional Medecine and Shamanism in the Sakata lands, Congo
(Article in completion)

5. サン・ジワン枯松神社ー歴史と現状ー
 (論文)

6. Kakure Kirishitan in a New Urbanized context of Kurosaki

Paper to be presented at Honolulu (31 march 2011) during the Annual Conference of the Assiciation for Assian Studies (AAS) 

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2017/04/28 更新