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短期研究  Psycho-Religious Dynamics of God, Ancestors and Shamanism in Sakata Land 

概要(Abstract) This study deals with “The Original Religion of the Congo” as experienced in Sakata land. It points out that the Supreme God for the people was the One and Almighty ruler of the Universe. However, for all practical purposes, the local gods and the ancestors, while occupying a position inferior to the God of the universe, were the real objects of religious concern and veneration. The Supreme God was too exalted and too distant to be concerned with the affairs of men.
Sakata shamans thus take up such beliefs to perform rituals which protray the interaction between faith and health in Sakata land.
From the anthropological and psycho-religious point of view, one can argue that:
some of the facts bound up with the awe and wonder that life and deatharoused in the intelligent minds of primitive men. As regards the deity, it is hard to draw conclusions about how He was imagined, but “belief in spiritual beings” might signify “the minimum definition of belief in God.” Animism saw spirits in trees, rocks, rivers, flowers, mountains, clouds and oceans. From animism it was no long step to polytheism. From polytheism, human intelligence discerned the need for some sort of monotheism. Men could not avoid feeling that some being transcends even the universe itself and which is its ground and support, determining the operations of nature and the destinies of men.
However, the natural order with its numerous spirits and gods, made the Supreme Being a very vague and inoperative figure obscured in the mists of animism, polytheism and belief in ancestral influences. 

短期研究  Hidden Memory of the Mabi chiefdom in Sakata Land 

概要(Abstract) The Sakata inhabite the territory of Kutu that formed a part of the multi-cultural District (127,341km²) of Mai-Ndombe (Province of Bandundu) located in the southwest part of the Congo, at the extreme south of the Central Basin (Cuvette Centrale). Culturally and linguistically the matrilineal Sakata belong to the nucleus of Bantu speakers of Lower-Kasai. Thus they form the ‘Buma-Sakata cluster’ which included the Nku and several smaller groups. Their neighbors are Nkundo-Ipanga in the Mai-Ndombe district, the Yansi and Buma on the left side of the Kasai River (Vansina 1966, 1999).
This study focuses on one aspect of the socio-historical context of the Sakata. Specifically, it attempts to unravel the Mabi Chiefdom's hidden striking events, stories and traditions since time immemorial in Sakata land. 

短期研究  Sakata Folk Dance in Urban Setting: Its Facets and Psycho-Religious Implications 

概要(Abstract) The purpose of this study is to offer a contribution to the sociological and cultural analysis of Sakata folk dance. The specific focus is the sketch of the broad facets of the Sakata folk dance moyene as performed today in an urban setting. The study includes ethnographic information gleaned from Sakata residents of Bandundu city, the provincial capital of Bandundu Province, where the retention of traditions is still obvious within different families and communities. 

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