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掲載誌名 Journal name,出版機関名 Publishing organization,巻/号 Vol./no.,頁数 Page nos.,発行年月(日) Date
2018  Cross-Ethnic Self-Disclosure Buffering Negative Impacts of Prejudice on International Students' Psychological and Social Well-Being   共著   
Journal of International Students  , STAR Scholars Network.  , 9/1  , 66-83  , 2019/1/11   

概要(Abstract) Intergroup contact theory suggests that developing a close relationship with outgroup members ameliorates the negative impact of prejudice that individuals perceive from outgroup members. This article specifically investigates the moderating role of cross-ethnic self-disclosure in the link between international students’ perceived ethnic/racial prejudice and depression as well as loneliness. One hundred and forty-three international students in Japan were asked to rate their perceived prejudice, depression, and loneliness as well as their self-disclosure to host nationals. The results showed that self-disclosure buffers the negative effects of prejudice on depression and loneliness such that international students who were more likely to disclose themselves to host nationals were less likely to be influenced by prejudice. Theoretical and practical contributions are considered. 

備考(Remarks) 査読有

Imai, T., & Imai, A. (2019) 

2017  Do you think like me? Perceived concordance concerning acculturation and intergroup outcomes among international students  共著   
International Journal of Intercultural Relations  , International Academy for Intercultural Research  , 63  , 27-37  , 2018/03   

概要(Abstract) An experimental study was conducted to analyse if perceived concordance on intergroup contact and culture maintenance might influence the attitudes and behavioural investment of international students toward the majority members. The mediating role of metastereotypes and some intercultural communication factors (self-disclosure, contact avoidance, and certainty) were investigated. The participants were 114 international students in Italy (mean age = 22.83), who were categorized into different levels of concordance with respect to culture maintenance and intercultural contact. Our findings showed that perceived concordance with respect to culture maintenance influenced international students’ desire for contact with majority members. Conflict avoidance mediated the relationship between concordance with respect to culture maintenance and behavioural investment. No other mediational relationships were statistically significant. This research is one of a small number of studies examining how concordance of acculturation preferences can influence the intergroup attitudes and intentions of international students. Specifically, the most positive outcomes were produced when majority members were perceived as sharing ideas concerning culture maintenance with international students. Interventions that aim to improve majority–minority relations should consider not only the preferences of minority members with respect to acculturation, but also the way minority members perceive the expectations of majority members and, more notably, the interplay between preferences and perceptions. 

備考(Remarks) 査読有

Matera, C., Imai, T., & Pinzi, S. (2017) 

2017  How you see us hurts me! Influences of metastereotypes that international students hold on their self-disclosure, loneliness and depression  単著   
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research  , World Communication Association  , 46  , 385-399  , 2017   

概要(Abstract) This article examines the influences of international students’ beliefs of how their compatriots are evaluated by host nationals
(i.e. metastereotypes). Modified labeling theory was used to predict how international students’ metastereotypes are associated with
their self-disclosure, loneliness, and depression. One hundred and forty-six international students in Japan were asked to rate their
metastereotypes, amount of self-disclosure, loneliness, and depression. The results showed that metastereotypes were positively associated with the amount of self-disclosure and negatively associated with loneliness and depression. A structural equation model further indicated that metastereotypes were indirectly associated with depression through loneliness. Theoretical and practical contributions are considered. 

備考(Remarks) 査読有 

2016  Worrying weighs on your partner’s heart: Exploring how rumination about a romantic relationship is associated with relational uncertainty using dyadic data.  共著   
Japanese Journal of Communication Studies  , Japan Communication Association  , 44  , 135-150  , 2016   

概要(Abstract) This study examines relationship-specific rumination (RSR) as a key cognitive factor corresponding with relational uncertainty (RU) in romantic relationships to extend the relational uncertainty model (Knobloch, 2007). Actor-partner interdependence models were employed to investigate the impact of RSR not only on the ruminators’ own uncertainty, but also on their partner’s uncertainty. One hundred and twenty dating couples completed self-report measures examining their relationship, self, and partner uncertainty as well as RSR. Results revealed that RSR was associated with the ruminators’ own relationship and partner uncertainty as well as their partner’s relationship and self uncertainty. The discussion highlights the theoretical implications of these findings for extending the relational uncertainty model.  

備考(Remarks) 査読有

日本コミュニケーション学会 奨励賞受賞研究

Imai, T.,Umemura, T., Taniguchi, E., Vangelisti, A. L., & Dailey, R. M. (2016) 

2016  Influences of mental illness stigma in a computer-mediated communication context: Investigating mediating roles of predicted outcome value and negative affect.   単著   
Japanese Journal of Communication Studies  , Japan Communication Association  , 45  , 5-25  , 2016   

概要(Abstract) Stigma associated with schizophrenia has been found to negatively impact the communication a schizophrenic individual has with others in face-to-face interactions, but the negative effect on computer-mediated communication has not been fully explored. Four hundred and fourteen participants interacted with a hypothetical target on Facebook, who was believed to have either depression, schizophrenia, or a cavity(i.e., the control group). Results indicated that participants rejected the target labeled as schizophrenic more than the targets without mental illness or labeled as depressive. The mental illness stigma effect on rejection was partially mediated by a low predicted outcome value attached to the schizophrenic target. Further, the target with schizophrenia received more rejecting messages than accepting messages. However, there was not a significant difference between the frequency of rejecting messages and that of the accepting messages the depressed target received. Theoretical and practical contributions were considered. 

備考(Remarks) 査読有 

2015  Influences of mental illness stigma on perceptions of and responses to requests for favors.   共著   
Health Communication  , Taylor & Francis   , 2015   

概要(Abstract) This article examines mental illness stigma effects on a request for a favor from a mentally ill individual. Four hundred and fourteen participants interacted with a hypothetical target on Facebook who was believed to have schizophrenia, depression, or a tooth cavity (i.e., the control group). Participants were asked to rate the favor request in terms of face threat, in addition to writing a response, which was then coded using message design logics. Results indicated that a request by a schizophrenic target threatened participants’ positive face more significantly than that of a target with depression or without any mental illness. Participants’ responses to the schizophrenic target were more likely to be conventional messages, whereas responses to the depressed target were more likely to be rhetorical messages. Theoretical and practical contributions are considered. 

備考(Remarks) 査読有

Imai, T., & Dailey, R. M. (2015) 

2013  Interaction to achieve self-verification in romantic relationships  共著   
アカデミア 人文・自然科学編  , 南山大学  , 6  , 129-144  , 2013/06/01   

概要(Abstract) This research examines how people communicate to verify their self-concept in romantic relationships, using Self-Verification Theory advocated by William B. Swann Jr. Sixty-two couples filled out questionnaires assessing self-esteem, evaluation of partners, perceived feedback from partners, and communication style including self-disclosure and feedback. Results showed that increases in positive evaluations and positive perceptions of feedback from partners corresponded to increases in relational closeness. In cases in which there was a consistency between valences of self-esteem and evaluation from partners, communication functioned to verify participants’ self-concepts. Implications, limitations, and future directions are discussed.
 

備考(Remarks) Imai, T., & McCornack, S. (2013) 

2013  The influence of stigma of mental illnesses on decoding and encoding of verbal and nonverbal messages  単著   
2013/05   

概要(Abstract) 博士論文

Stigmas associated with depression and schizophrenia have been found to negatively impact the communication those with mental illness have with others in faceto-face interactions (e.g., Lysaker, Roe, &Yanos, 2007; Nicholson & Sacco, 1999). This study attempted to specifically examine how stigma affects cognitions, emotions, and behaviors of interactantswithout a mental illness toward those with a mental illness in online interactions. In this experimental study, 412 participants interacted with a hypothetical target on Facebook, who was believed to have depression, schizophrenia, or a cavity (i.e., the control group). They were asked to read a profile of the target on Facebook, respond to a message from the target, and complete measurements assessing perceived positive and negative face threats in the target’s message, perceived facial expressions of the target, induced affect, predicted outcome value, and rejecting attitudes towards the target. Results revealed that the target labeled as schizophrenic was rejected more and perceived to have lower outcome value than the target without a mental illness or labeled as depressive. However, there were no significant differences in any outcomes between the depression and control groups. The mixed results were discussed in relation to methodological limitations and possible modifications of previous theoretical arguments. Theoretical and practical contributions were considered and suggestions for future research were offered. 

備考(Remarks)  

2013  The influence of plans to marry in dating couples of emerging adults on relationship quality, confirmation, and desire for evaluation.  共著   
アカデミア 人文・自然科学編  , 南山学会  , 5  , 175-193  , 2013/01/01   

概要(Abstract) The purposes of this study were to: a) investigate the influence of marriage plans on relationship quality and confirming communication in the romantic relationships of emerging adults, b) analyze the role of confirmation as a mechanism explaining the relationship between marriage plans and relationship quality, and c) examine the influence of plans to marry on individuals’ desire for positive evaluation or self-verification evaluation. As expected, those with plans to marry reported higher relationship quality and more confirming communication than did those without plans. Further, the relationship between marriage plans and relationship quality was partially mediated by confirmation. However, the findings suggested that the marriage plans did not affect people’s desire for evaluation from their partner. Although, counter to expectations, dating partners with plans to marry did not have a desire for self-verifying evaluation, they perceive that they received more confirmation from their partner than those without plans, which lead to higher relationship quality.  

備考(Remarks) Imai, T., & Vangelisti, A. (2013) 

2012  Cultural differences between Japan and the US in uses of “apology” and “thank you” in favor asking messages.   共著   
Journal of Language and Social Psychology  , Sage Publications  , 31  , 263-289  , 2012   

概要(Abstract) Three studies investigated whether apologies and thanks are used differently when asking favors in the United States and Japan and examined whether their use makes
a favor asking message less face-threatening. In Study 1, participants (N = 152) composed an email message for a favor asking situation. Next, participants in Study 2
(N = 634) and Study 3 (N = 417) completed one of four versions of a questionnaire regarding a prototype of an email message. Results showed that (a) more Japanese
included apologies in their messages while more Americans used thanks and (b)Japanese considered apologies to reduce some face threats while Americans did not consider thanks to reduce face threats. Implications and future research directions are discussed. 

備考(Remarks) Lee, H. E., Park, H. S., Imai, T., & Dolan, D. P. (2012). 

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