研究者詳細

教職員基本情報
氏名
Name
中尾 央 ( ナカオ ヒサシ , NAKAO Hisashi )
所属
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人文学部人類文化学科
職名
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教授
専攻分野
Area of specialization

哲学

学会活動
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Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science Co-editor
Bioarchaeology International Associate Editor

著書・学術論文数
No. of books/academic articles
総数 total number (73)
著書数 books (21)
学術論文数 articles (52)

取得学位
 
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   Classification
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博士 博士(文学)    京都大学大学院  2013年03月25日 
詳細表示
著書
年度
Year
著書名
Title of the books
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NeoCILIUS
   請求番号/資料ID
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出版機関名 Publishing organization,判型 Book Size,頁数 No. of pp.,発行年月(日) Date
2023  カタチの由来・データの未来:三次元計測の人類史学  共著   
勁草書房  , 未設定  , 2024/02   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2022  教育の起源を探る――進化と文化の視点から  共著   
ちとせプレス  , 未設定  , 65-81  , 2023/03   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) 教育の進化:ナチュラル・ペダゴジー理論の検討を中心に.pp. 65-81を執筆. 

2020  The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Climate and Environmental Change  共著   
Routledge  , 未設定  , 568 p.  , 2020/10   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) Violence and climate change in the Jomon period, pp. 364-376を執筆. 

2019  生命の教養学 14 感染る  共著   
慶應義塾大学出版会  , 未設定  , 2019/09   

概要(Abstract) 「文化感染メカニズムを解明する」205-226ページを担当. 

備考(Remarks)  

2018  ムカシのミライ:プロセス考古学とポストプロセス考古学の対話  共著   
勁草書房  , 未設定  , 2018/10   

概要(Abstract) 「考古学理論との対峙:プロセス考古学とポストプロセス考古学」pp.1-20を担当. 

備考(Remarks)  

2017  文化進化の考古学  共編著   
勁草書房  , その他  , 240 p.  , 2017/08   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  科学と文化をつなぐ  共著   
東京大学出版会  , 未設定  , 2016   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) 吉田茂生・中尾央「類推としてのアナロジー:地球の内核の異方性のモデリングを行った一研究を事例として」pp. 40-53を執筆. 

2015  人間進化の科学哲学  単著   
名古屋大学出版会  , その他  , 246 p.  , 2015/04   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  発達科学の最前線―進化する発達科学−  共著   
ミネルヴァ書房  , 未設定  , 2014/04   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) 中尾央「発達科学はいつから発達科学なのかー発達科学のこれまでとこれから」pp. 189-208を執筆. 

2013  Proceedings of the CAPE International Workshops, 2012 (CAPE Studies in Applied Philosophy & Ethics Series Vol.1)  未設定   
CAPE Publications  , 未設定  , 176 p.  , 2013/02   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

詳細表示
学術論文
年度
Year
論文題目名
Title of the articles
共著区分
Collaboration
   Classification
NeoCILIUS
   請求番号/資料ID
Request No
掲載誌名 Journal name,出版機関名 Publishing organization,巻/号 Vol./no.,頁数 Page nos.,発行年月(日) Date
2024  弥生時代中期北部九州大型甕棺の楕円フーリエ解析 −甕棺形状の時空間変動について−  単著   
日本考古学  , 59  , 2024/10   

概要(Abstract) The present study examines shapes of burial jars, ‘Kamekan’, used mainly in the northern Kyushu of the Middle Yayoi period by Elliptic Fourier analysis to investigate the inter-regional variations. The results suggest that highly small inter-regional differences during the first division of the Middle Yayoi period (KIIa and KIIb types) are inconsistent with a traditional view that areas along the Genkai sea (i.e., Fukuoka and Sawara areas) are socially higher than other areas and that such social hierarchies are reflected to the relevant archaeological remains. The temporal changes in the inter-regional variations after the second division of the period (KIIc and KIIIa types) are consistent with other social changes in the division (i.e., increased frequency of violence and related social changes). Note that the temporal changes suggest that even though frequency of violence increased in the targeted areas, it was not so serious that it did not inhibit inter-regional interactions. 

備考(Remarks)  

2024  Macro-scale population patterns in the Kofun period of the Japanese archipelago: Quantitative analysis of a larger sample of three-dimensional data from ancient human crania  未設定   
Humans  , 4(2)  , 131–147  , 2024/03   

概要(Abstract) The present study collected a larger set of three-dimensional data on human crania from the Ko-fun period (as well as from previous periods, i.e., the Jomon and Yayoi periods) in the Japanese archipelago (AD 250 to around 700) than previous studies. 3D geometric morphometrics were employed to investigate human migration patterns in finer-grained phases. These results are con-sistent with those of previous studies, although some new patterns were discovered. These pat-terns were interpreted in terms of demic diffusion, archaeological findings, and historical evi-dence. In particular, the present results suggest the presence of a gradual geological cline throughout the Kofun period, although the middle period did not display such a cline. This dis-crepancy might reflect social changes in the middle Kofun period, such as the construction of keyhole-shaped mounds in the peripheral regions. The present study implies that a broader inves-tigation with a larger sample of human crania is essential to elucidate the macro-level cultural evolutionary processes. 

備考(Remarks)  

2023  西都原考古博物館所蔵古人骨の分析:受傷痕跡所見および3Dデータの幾何学的形態測定  共著   
宮崎県立西都原考古博物館研究紀要  , 宮崎県立西都原考古博物館  , 19  , 2024/03   

概要(Abstract) The present research examines human skeletal remains collected at the Saitobaru Archaeological Museum of Miyazaki Prefecture and the Kagoshima Prefectural Archaeological Center in two ways. First, we measured the 3-dimensional data of human craniums and conducted geometric morphometrics on them. The results show that samples from the Ebino Miyakonojo, and Saito city are relatively clustered and regional variations are found to some extent, which is consistent with the previous research. Second, traumas found on the samples from the Shimauchi underground tunnel tombs were examined. The results suggest that the traumas were not possibly due to warfare.  

備考(Remarks)  

2023  Cultural Evolution of Ritual Practice in Prehistoric Japan: The Kitamakura Hypothesis Is Examined  共著   
Letters on Evolutionary and Behavioral Science  , 15(1)  , 1–8  , 2024/02   

概要(Abstract) Various disciplines, including evolutionary biology, anthropology, archaeology, and psychology have studied the evolution of rituals. Archaeologists have typically argued that burial practices are one of the most prominent manifestations of ritual practices in the past and have explored various aspects of burial practices, including burial directions. One of the important hypotheses on the cultural evolution of burial practices in Japan is the kitamakura hypothesis, which claims that burial directions (including Kofuns and current burials) were intended to be oriented toward the north after the Kofun period under the influence of Confucianism or Buddhism. This hypothesis would be more plausible if burial directions were not oriented northward before the Kofun period. The present research focused on the burial directions in the northern Kyushu area of the Yayoi period, i.e., the directions of the kamekan jar burials. The results are almost consistent with the hypothesis, although one notable exception is found, and its possible interpretations and implications are discussed. 

備考(Remarks)  

2023  Demic diffusion of the Yayoi people in the Japanese archipelago  共著   
Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science  , 14(2)  , 58–64  , 2023/11   

概要(Abstract) The present study examines the 3-dimensional data of human crania from the Yayoi period (800 BC to AD 250) of the Japanese archipelago by geometric morphometrics to investigate demic diffusion patterns. This is the first study on the Yayoi crania using their 3D data and geometric morphometrics with a much larger number of skeletal remains outside of the Kyushu regions than previous studies. The comparative results between the Jomon and Yayoi samples show that the Yayoi people not only in the eastern parts but also in the western parts of the archipelago are significantly different from the final Jomon people and the Yayoi people were not strongly affected by the Jomon people. A relatively gradual geological cline is also found among the Yayoi population, suggesting that the immigrants from the continental East Asia moved from the western parts to the eastern parts of the archipelago though the causes of the morphological changes are unclear.  

備考(Remarks)  

2023  Cultural identity and intergroup conflicts: Testing parochial altruism model through archaeological data  単著   
Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science  , 32  , 75-87  , 2023/09   

概要(Abstract) The present research used archaeological data, i.e., the data obtained from kamekan jar burials in the Mikuni Hills of the northern Kyushu area in the Mid- dle Yayoi period, to test the parochial altruism model. This model argued that out-group hate and in-group favor coevolved via prehistoric intergroup conflicts. If this model is accurate, such an out-group hate and in-group favor could be re- flected in the archaeological remains, such as pottery making; the more frequent intergroup conflicts are and the more each group is opposed, the more independent and coherent each group will be and more evident cultural identity could be estab- lished within each group. We employed an elliptic Fourier analysis for the shapes of kamekan jar burials. We examined whether frequent intergroup conflicts in the period influenced kamekan jar pottery between subareas of the Mikuni Hills. The results suggested that the shapes of kamekan jar burials after the KIIIa type are slightly different between subareas, which is partially consistent with the model. However, the results do not support the model directly. 

備考(Remarks)  

2022  朝日遺跡III11A13区出土人骨の再検討  共著   
朝日遺跡ミュージアム研究紀要  , 2  , 47-61  , 2023/03   

概要(Abstract) 本稿では、朝日遺跡のIII11A13区出土人骨の再整理の結果および所見について報告するとともに、古人骨の下顎骨の幾何学的形態測定の分析結果を示す。再整理・検討の結果、次の3 点がわかった。まず、本例は弥生時代前期から中期に帰属し、仰臥屈葬の状態で埋葬された事例である。埋葬後に軟部組織が融解する過程で膝部分が崩れ、出土時の状態に至ったと考えられる。次に、上顎左右の犬歯および下顎の左右第一小臼歯が抜去された可能性があり、この抜去歯種の組み合わせの類例として土井ヶ浜遺跡の事例を挙げた。最後に、周辺地域の下顎骨の3D データをもとにランドマークおよび主成分分析を行い、本事例の形態を分析した。この結果、比較的近隣地域の弥生人骨に近いことがわかった。 

備考(Remarks)  

2022  人間進化における集団間紛争:偏狭な利他性モデルを中心に  共著   
心理学評論  , 心理学評論刊行会  , 65(2)  , 119−134  , 2022/07   

概要(Abstract) The evolution of altruism in human societies has been intensively investigated both in social and natural sciences. A widely acknowledged recent idea is “parochial altruism model”, suggesting that intergroup hostility and intragroup altruism can coevolve through lethal intergroup conflicts. The current article critically examines this idea by reviewing research relevant to intergroup conflicts in human evolutionary history from evolutionary biology, psychology, cultural anthropology, and archaeology. After brief introduction, section 2 illustrates the mathematical model of parochial altruism and some critiques to the model and its interpretation mainly from evolutionary biology. Section 3 delves the archaeological evidence of prehistoric intergroup conflicts in the Japanese archipelago’s Jomon and Yayoi periods, Europe’s Mesolithic period, and North America’s Pacific period as counter examples of the parochial altruism model. In section 4, the ethnographies of intergroup relationships and conflicts show that intergroup relationships in many ethnic groups are not as simple as the assumption in the mathematical model of parochial altruism. In section 5, we outline psychological research on intergroup conflicts suggesting that intergroup hostility and ingroup altruism are not necessarily correlated. In conclusion, we argue that the assumption and parameter settings of the parochial altruism model are inconsistent with empirical data. 

備考(Remarks)  

2022  岡山県(広島・兵庫県)出土古墳時代人骨の幾何学的形態測定による分析  共著   
古代吉備  , 古代吉備研究会  , 33  , 43-60  , 2022/07   

概要(Abstract) The present study examines human skeletal remains from the late Yayoi period to the late Kofun period of Okayama, Hyogo, and Hiroshima Prefectures using geometric morphometrics. We put landmarks on the surface of 3D models of the human skeletal remains and calculate and analyze their spatial configurations. The results suggest weak but different tendencies by period and area. In particular, the faces are flatter and occipital regions further back in human skeletal remains of the early-middle Kofun period than the middle- late Kofun period in Okayama Prefecture. Further examinations of the sizes and shapes of the Kofuns where human skeletal remains are found are needed for archaeological interpretations of the above anthropological results. 

備考(Remarks)  

2022  A proposal of a new automated method for SfM/MVS 3D reconstruction through comparisons of 3D data by SfM/MVS and handheld laser scanners  共著   
PLOS ONE  , 2022/07   

概要(Abstract) SfM/MVS photogrammetry has received increasing attention due to its convenience, broadening the range of its applications into archaeology and anthropology. Because the accuracy of SfM/MVS depends on photography, one important issue is that incorrect or low-density point clouds are found in 3D models due to missing photographic images. A systematic way of taking photographs solve these problems, though it has not been well established and the accuracy has not been examined either, with some exceptions. The present study aims to (i) develop an efficient method for recording pottery using an automated turntable and (ii) assess its accuracy through a comparison with 3D models made by laser scanning. We recorded relatively simple pottery manufactured by prehistoric farmers in the Japanese archipelago using SfM/MVS photogrammetry and laser scanning. Further, by measuring the Hausdorff distance between 3D models made using these two methods, we show that their difference is negligibly small, suggesting that our method is sufficiently accurate to record pottery. 

備考(Remarks)  

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その他研究業績
年度
Year
題名等
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カテゴリ
Category
細目
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掲載雑誌名等 Publishing Magazine,発行所 Publisher,巻/号 Vol./no.,頁数 Page nos.,発行年月(日) Date
2021  朝日遺跡出土資料の三次元記録  資料  共著 
あいち朝日遺跡ミュージアム 研究紀要  , 1  , 37-42  , 2022/03   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2020  道徳の自然誌  翻訳  単訳 
勁草書房  , 268+xxv  , 2020/08   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) Michael Tomasello (2016). A natural history of morality. Harvard University Pressの全訳. 

2019  教育の生物学的基盤:進化か文化か  シンポジウム報告  共著 
教育心理学年報  , 58  , 284-290  , 2019/09   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2019  Practice without theory is blind (and theory without practice is empty)  資料  単著 
日本旧石器学会シンポジウム予稿集  , 日本旧石器学会  , 17  , 71-74  , 2019/05   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  ブライアン・ファーガソン「戦争は人間の本能か」  翻訳  未設定 
日経サイエンス  , 2018年12月号  , 74-80  , 2018/12   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  日本で戦争が始まったのはいつか  寄稿  未設定 
日経サイエンス  , 2018年12月号  , 78  , 2018/12   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  書評:ジャン=フランソワ・ドルティエ『ヒト、この奇妙な動物』  書評  単著 
図書新聞  , 2018年10月20日  , 4  , 2018/10   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2017  書評:S. ボウルズ・H. ギンタス(著)竹澤正哲・大槻久・ 高橋伸幸・稲葉美里・波多野礼佳(訳)『協力する種:制度と心の共進化』  書評  単著 
社会心理学研究  , 33(1)  , 41-42  , 2017/09   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  書評「心と行動の進化を探る ─人間行動進化学入門─」  書評  単著 
生物科学  , 66(1)  , 63  , 2014/09   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

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学術関係受賞
年度
Year
受賞学術賞名
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受賞対象となった研究/業績/活動等
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2018  『動物心理学研究』優秀論文賞  中尾央・後藤和宏.2015. メタ認知研究の方法論的課題.『動物心理学研究』65(1): 45-58.  2018年08月 
日本動物心理学学会 

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2023  縄文時代古人骨頭蓋形状の幾何学的形態測定による分析  共同  2023/04/23 
考古学研究会第69回研究集会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2023  The process of 3D digitization and data sharing in archaeology: A case study of Ongagawa-style pottery and skeletal remains in Japan  共同  2023/04/19 
American Association of Biological Anthropologists   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2022  古墳時代古人骨頭蓋形状の幾何学的形態測定による分析   共同  2022/12 
HBES-J 2022   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2022  A new dataset of three-dimensional models in prehistoric Japan  共同  2022/09 
Cultural Evolution Society Annual Meeting  , Cultural Evolution Society   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2022  The cause of warfare in the middle Yayoi period of the Japanese archipelago  共同  2022/07 
WAC-9   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2022  中国地方における古墳時代人骨の幾何学的形態測定による分析  共同  2022/05 
考古学研究会第68回総会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2021  SfM/MVSモデルとレーザースキャナーモデルの手法と精度の比較   共同  2021/09/19 
日本文化財科学会第38回大会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2021  SfMとレーザースキャナーによる遠賀川式土器の三次元計測  未設定  2021/05 
日本考古学協会第87回総会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2021  遠賀川式土器の二次元・三次元定量解析結果の比較  未設定  2021/04 
考古学研究会第67回総会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2021  古人骨の三次元計測:SfMとレーザースキャナーの比較  未設定  2021/03 
日本情報考古学会第44回大会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

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2024  科学研究費補助金  マテリアマインド:物心共創人類史学の構築(総括班) 
分担者    6000千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2024  科学研究費補助金  考古・人類学データの多次元表象とモデリングによる文化動態の解明 
計画班代表    78900千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2021  大幸財団学術研究助成金  日本先史時代古人骨の三次元データに関する人類学・考古学的統合研究 
代表  大幸財団  850千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2020  南山大学パッヘ研究奨励金I-A-1  遠賀川式土器の3次元計測と数理解析による農耕拡散過程の解明 
代表    1000千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2020  科学研究費補助金  戦争と道徳性の進化に関する自然哲学的考察 
代表  日本学術振興会  4290千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2019  科学研究費補助金  三次元データベースと数理解析・モデル構築による分野統合的研究の促進 
代表  日本学術振興会  70,070千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2017  科学研究費補助金  古墳時代鉄鏃の変化と地域性に関する数理的解析 
分担  日本学術振興会   

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  科学研究費補助金  考古学理論・実践の歴史・哲学的考察に基づく人文学の哲学の基盤構築 
代表  日本学術振興会  2800千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  課題設定による先導的人文・社会科学研究推進事業  歴史科学諸分野の連携・総合による文化進化学の構築 
分担  日本学術振興会  1,1350千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

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学術研究著書の件数
No. of Academic Books
学会誌・国際会議議事録等に掲載された学術論文の件数
No. of Academic Articles in Journals/Int'l Conference Papers
学内的な紀要等に掲載された学術論文の件数
No. of Academic Articles Pub'd in University Bulletins
学会受賞等の受賞件数
No. of Academic Awards Received
国際学会でのゲストスピーカーの件数
No. of Times as Guest Speaker at Int'l Academic Conferences
国際学会での研究発表の件数
No. of Presentations of Papers at Int'l Academic Conferences
国内学会でのゲストスピーカーの件数
No. of Times as Guest Speaker at National Academic Conf.
国内学会での研究発表の件数
No. of Papers Presented at National Academic Conf.
2024 
2023 
2022 
2021 
2020 
2019 
2018 
2017 
2016 
2015 
詳細表示

2024/04/11 更新