研究者詳細

教職員基本情報
氏名
Name
中尾 央 ( ナカオ ヒサシ , NAKAO Hisashi )
所属
Organization
人文学部人類文化学科
職名
Academic Title
准教授
専攻分野
Area of specialization

自然哲学

学会活動
Academic societies

科学技術社会論学会会員(2014年−現在に至る)
Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science Co-editor(2013年−現在に至る,Layout editor 2019年−現在に至る)
日本人間行動進化学会会員(2010年−現在に至る)
Philosophy of Science Association会員(2010年−現在に至る)
ISHPSSB会員(2008年−現在に至る)
日本進化学会会員(2006年−現在に至る)

社会活動
Community services

大阪府高齢者大学校非常勤講師(2014年−現在に至る)
奈良先端科学技術大学院大学非常勤講師(2013−2014年,2016年−現在に至る)

著書・学術論文数
No. of books/academic articles
総数 total number (54)
著書数 books (17)
学術論文数 articles (37)

出身大学院
大学院名
Grad. School
修了課程
Courses
   Completed
修了年月(日)
Date of Completion
修了区分
Completion
   Classification
京都大学大学院文学研究科科学哲学科学史 博士課程  2010年03月  単位取得満期退学 
詳細表示
取得学位
 
学位区分
Degree
   Classification
取得学位名
Degree name
学位論文名
Title of Thesis
学位授与機関
Organization
   Conferring the Degree
取得年月(日)
Date of Acquisition
博士 博士(文学)    京都大学大学院  2013年03月25日 
詳細表示
研究経歴
長期研究/短期研究
Long or Short
   Term research
研究課題名
Research Topic
長期研究  人間行動の進化・文化進化 

概要(Abstract) 特に更新世以降におけるさまざまな人間行動や文化の進化を考察する. 

短期研究  戦争の進化 

概要(Abstract) 人類進化における戦争の進化プロセスを考察する. 

詳細表示
著書
年度
Year
著書名
Title of the books
著書形態
Form of Book
NeoCILIUS
   請求番号/資料ID
Request No
出版機関名 Publishing organization,判型 Book Size,頁数 No. of pp.,発行年月(日) Date
2019  The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Environmental Change  共著   
Routledge  , 未設定  , 2019   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) Violence and climate change in the Jomon period, pp. xx-xxを執筆. 

2018  ムカシのミライ:プロセス考古学とポストプロセス考古学の対話  共著   
勁草書房  , 未設定  , 2018/10   

概要(Abstract) 「考古学理論との対峙:プロセス考古学とポストプロセス考古学」pp.1-20を担当. 

備考(Remarks)  

2017  文化進化の考古学  共編著   
勁草書房  , その他  , 240 p.  , 2017/08   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  科学と文化をつなぐ  共著   
東京大学出版会  , 未設定  , 2016   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) 吉田茂生・中尾央「類推としてのアナロジー:地球の内核の異方性のモデリングを行った一研究を事例として」pp. 40-53を執筆. 

2015  人間進化の科学哲学  単著   
名古屋大学出版会  , その他  , 246 p.  , 2015/04   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  発達科学の最前線―進化する発達科学−  共著   
ミネルヴァ書房  , 未設定  , 2014/04   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) 中尾央「発達科学はいつから発達科学なのかー発達科学のこれまでとこれから」pp. 189-208を執筆. 

2013  Proceedings of the CAPE International Workshops, 2012 (CAPE Studies in Applied Philosophy & Ethics Series Vol.1)  未設定   
CAPE Publications  , 未設定  , 176 p.  , 2013/02   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2012  文化系統学への招待  共編著   
勁草書房  , 未設定  , 240 p.  , 2012/05   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

詳細表示
学術論文
年度
Year
論文題目名
Title of the articles
共著区分
Collaboration
   Classification
NeoCILIUS
   請求番号/資料ID
Request No
掲載誌名 Journal name,出版機関名 Publishing organization,巻/号 Vol./no.,頁数 Page nos.,発行年月(日) Date
2019  ナチュラル・ペダゴジー理論の行方  単著   
ベビーサイエンス  , 18  , 50  , 2019/03   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  弥生時代中期における戦争:人骨と人口動態の関係から  未設定   
情報考古学  , 24(1・2)  , 10-29  , 2019/03   

概要(Abstract) It has been commonly claimed that prehistoric warfare in Japan began in the Yayoi period. Population increases due to the introduction of agriculture from the Korean Peninsula to Japan resulted in the lack of land for cultivation and resources for the population, eventually triggering competition over land. This hypothesis has been supported by the demographic data inferred from historical changes in Kamekan, a burial system used especially in the Kyushu area in the Yayoi period. The present study aims to examine the previous claim by using an expanded dataset of human skeletal remains and Kamekan. First, in order to quantify the intensity of warfare, we developed a database of injured individuals found in the middle phase of the Yayoi period in two large populations in the northern Kyushu area, the Fukuoka plain and the upper- and middle-stream of the Homan River. Second, we collected Kamekan data from site reports published after 1990 and constructed a comprehensive database to infer the demography in these areas. Finally, we compared the frequency of injured individuals and the inferred demography. The results suggest that the frequency of injured individuals and the population increase tended to be higher at the upper- and middle-stream of the Homan River than on the Fukuoka plain. Different assumptions of the lifetime of each type of Kamekan can produce mixed results on the relationship between demography and the frequency of injured individuals. They were positively correlated under the traditional assumption of constant time intervals, while there was no correlation using time intervals based on carbon dating by the National Museum of Japanese History. Thus, our results are partially consistent with the previous claim that the population increase and the lack of land and resources due to the introduction of agriculture were causes of warfare in the northern Kyushu area in the middle phase of the Yayoi period. 

備考(Remarks)  

2018  A quantitative history of Japanese archaeology and natural science  単著   
Japanese Journal of Archaeology  , The Japanese Archaeological Association  , 6(1)  , 3-22  , 2018/09   

概要(Abstract) This study examines the relationship between Japanese archaeology and natural science through a quantitative analysis of the two most authoritative archaeological journals and two other relevant journals in Japan. First, although previous studies have emphasized the impact of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Tokyo on the scientific aspects of Japanese archaeology, results of the present study suggest that its impact has been more limited than previously assumed. Second, while previous studies claimed that research funding by the Japanese government from the latter half of the 1970s was an important factor in developing the scientific aspects of Japanese archaeology, the present study shows a result inconsistent with the claim. Finally, although I admit that the previous studies have properly captured some aspects of the relationship between Japanese archaeology and science, I conclude that we should look at the broader array of contributors to the relationship between Japanese archaeology and natural science. 

備考(Remarks)  

2017  人骨から見た暴力と戦争:海外での議論を中心に  共著   
日本考古学  , 44  , 65-77  , 2017/08   

概要(Abstract) Violence and warfare in prehistory have been intensely discussed in various disciplines recently. Especially, some controversies are found on whether prehistoric hunter-gatherers had already been engaged in inter-group violence and warfare. Japanese archaeology has traditionally argued that warfare began in the Yayoi period with the introduction of full-fledged. agriculture, though people in the Jomon period. when the subsistence system had been mainly hunting and gathering, had not been involved in inter-group violence and warfare. However, Lawrence Keeley, Samuel Bowles, Steven Pinker, and others have recently focused on archaeological data of human skeletal remains, especially remains with some injures, arguing that prehistoric hunter-gatherers had already initiated inter-group violence and warfare. This paper aims to summarize and examine recent arguments that address the relationship between violence or warfare and human evolution based on archaeological data. In the first place, we summarize the claims of Keeley, Bowles, and Pinker that warfare had already been initiated and was commonplace among prehistoric hunter-gatherers, as well as the counter-argument of Ferguson that these original data are problematic. Secondly, we collect the available data on human skeletal remains from the Mesolithic period in Europe (between 11000BC and 3.500 BC) and argue that these data support Ferguson's argument. In particular, the available data suggests that even though inter-group violence and warfare were present during this period. they were very sporadic. Finally, we discuss the implications of this study and suggest future directions. 

備考(Remarks)  

2017  Violence and warfare in the prehistoric Japan  共著   
Letters on Evolutionary and Behavioral Science  , 8(1)  , 8-11  , 2017/03   

概要(Abstract) The origins and consequences of warfare or largescale intergroup violence have been subject of long debate. Based on exhaustive surveys of skeletal remains for prehistor ic hunter-gatherers and agriculturists in Japan, the present study examines levels of inferred violence and their implications for two different evolutionary models, i.e., parochial altruism model and subsistence model. The former assumes that frequent warfare played an important role in the evolution of altruism and the latter sees warfare as promoted by social changes induced by agriculture. Our results are inconsistent with the parochial altruism model but consistent with the subsistence model, although the mortality values attributable to violence between hunter-gatherers and agriculturists were comparable. 

備考(Remarks)  

2016  人間進化と二つの教育:人間進化の過程において教育はどのような役割を果たしたか  単著   
現代思想  , 青土社  , 5月号  , 188-197  , 2016/04   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  Violence in the prehistoric period of Japan: the spatiotemporal pattern of skeletal evidence for violence in the Jomon period  共著   
Biology Letters  , 12  , 2016002  , 2016/03   

概要(Abstract) Whether man is predisposed to lethal violence, ranging from homicide to warfare, and how that may have impacted human evolution, are among the most controversial topics of debate on human evolution. Although recent studies on the evolution of warfare have been based on various archaeological and ethnographic data, they have reported mixed results: it is unclear whether or notwarfare among prehistoric hunter–gathererswas common enough to be a component of human nature and a selective pressure for the evolution of human behaviour. This paper reports the mortality attributable to violence, and the spatio-temporal pattern of violence thus shown among ancient hunter–gatherers using skeletal evidence in prehistoric Japan (the Jomon period: 13000 cal BC–800 cal BC). Our results suggest that the mortality due to violence was low and spatio-temporally highly restricted in the Jomon period, which implies that violence including warfare in prehistoric Japan was not common. 

備考(Remarks)  

2015  共感・共感的配慮と道徳性  単著   
心理学評論  , 58(2)  , 236-248  , 2015/09   

概要(Abstract) During the 20th century, many social and developmental psychologists advocated a “received view of empathy” : empathy does not lead to prosocial behaviors but rather, empathic concern does. The main aim of this paper is to examine this received view mainly by focusing on recent research in psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy of empathy. Specifically, Section 2 examines psychological and neuroscientific research on empathy and argues that the received view can be still maintained. Section 3 considers philosophical arguments mainly made by Michael Slote (2010) and argues that his attempt fails and that it is unlikely that empathy is the basis of morality. Finally, some possible future directions in the study of the relationship between empathy and morality are discussed. 

備考(Remarks)  

2015  メタ認知研究の方法論的課題  共著   
動物心理学研究  , 65(1)  , 45-58  , 2015/06   

概要(Abstract) This paper considers methodological problems in animal metacognition studies. After summarizing a variety of experimental designs to study animal metacognition, we review recent literature that were not included in Fujita (2010)’s more comprehensive review. We then examined Carruthers (2008; Carruthers and Rithie 2012)’ skeptic argument against animal metacognition. He argued that no experiments thus far successfully exclude the possibility that animals, as well as human infants, elicit “metacognitive” responses without explicitly and consciously monitoring internal representations. We argued that newly developed experimental paradigms to study explicit memory processes could be a key to reject Caruuthers’ skeptic argument and thus facilitate understanding how we access to the internal representations. 

備考(Remarks)  

2015  Evo-devo as a motley aggregation: Methodological and theoretical diversity in the 1980s  共著   
Biological Theory  , 10  , 156-166  , 2015/04   

概要(Abstract) Although there are many historical and philosophical analyses of evolutionary developmental biology (EvoDevo), its development in the 1980s, when many individual or collective attempts to synthesize evolution and development were made, has not been examined in detail. This article focuses on some interdisciplinary studies during the 1980s and argues that they had important characteristics that previous historical and philosophical work has not recognized. First, we clarify how each set of studies from the 1980s integrated the results or approaches from different biological fields, such as paleontology, developmental genetics, comparative morphology, experimental embryology, theoretical developmental biology, and population genetics. Second, after close examination we show that the interdisciplinary studies during the 1980s adopted different and conflicting views of genes, such as developmental-genetic, epigenetic, or population-genetic ones. We conclude that EvoDevo in the 1980s was a motley aggregation of various kinds of local integration. Finally, we discuss the implications of our analysis by comparing these early EvoDevo studies with those of the Modern Synthesis and with the present state of EvoDevo. 

備考(Remarks)  

詳細表示
その他研究業績
年度
Year
題名等
Titles
カテゴリ
Category
細目
Authorship
掲載雑誌名等 Publishing Magazine,発行所 Publisher,巻/号 Vol./no.,頁数 Page nos.,発行年月(日) Date
2018  ブライアン・ファーガソン「戦争は人間の本能か」  翻訳  未設定 
日経サイエンス  , 2018年12月号  , 74-80  , 2018/12   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  日本で戦争が始まったのはいつか  寄稿  未設定 
日経サイエンス  , 2018年12月号  , 78  , 2018/12   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  書評:ジャン=フランソワ・ドルティエ『ヒト、この奇妙な動物』  書評  単著 
図書新聞  , 2018年10月20日  , 4  , 2018/10   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2017  書評:S. ボウルズ・H. ギンタス(著)竹澤正哲・大槻久・ 高橋伸幸・稲葉美里・波多野礼佳(訳)『協力する種:制度と心の共進化』  書評  単著 
社会心理学研究  , 33(1)  , 41-42  , 2017/09   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  書評「心と行動の進化を探る ─人間行動進化学入門─」  書評  単著 
生物科学  , 66(1)  , 63  , 2014/09   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

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学術関係受賞
年度
Year
受賞学術賞名
Name of award
受賞対象となった研究/業績/活動等
Activity for which award given
受賞年月(日)
Date
授与機関
Award presenter
2018  『動物心理学研究』優秀論文賞  中尾央・後藤和宏.2015. メタ認知研究の方法論的課題.『動物心理学研究』65(1): 45-58.  2018年08月 
日本動物心理学学会 

備考(Remarks)  

詳細表示
研究発表
年度
Year
題目又はセッション名
Title or Name of Session
細目
Authorship
発表年月(日)
Date
発表学会等名称 Name, etc. of the conference at which the presentation is to be given, 主催者名称 Organizer, 掲載雑誌名等 Publishing Magazine,発行所 Publisher,巻/号 Vol./no.,頁数 Page nos.
2019  Practice without theory is blind (and theory without practice is empty)  単独  2019/06/30 
日本旧石器学会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  Violence, civilization, and philosophy: An interdisciplinary approach  単独  2019/02/21 
Kick-off Symposium for the Center for Research on the Dynamics of Civilizations to go Beyond ARCHAEOlogy   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  初期国家と戦争:弥生時代と古墳時代を例に  共同  2018/12/01 
HBES-J 2018   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  人間進化における教育  単独  2018/09/17 
第60回日本教育心理学会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  An introduction to cultural evolutionary studies  単独  2018/09/08 
第14回日独先端科学(JGFoS)シンポジウム  , 日本学術振興会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2018  進化発生生物学の歴史と哲学  単独  2018/08/22 
日本進化学会第20回大会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2017  Violence and warfare in Japanese prehistory  共同  201708 
Perspectives on prehistoric cultural evolution: From archaeology to behavioral experiment   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  Violence in the prehistoric period of Japan: the spatiotemporal pattern of skeletal evidence for conflict in the Jomon and Yayoi period  共同  201608 
WAC-8   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2015  日本先史時代の文化進化  単独  201508 
日本進化学会第17回大会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  文化進化を研究するとはどういうことか  単独  201406 
文化情報学研究科共通シンポジウム/アドバンストシンポジウム   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

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研究助成
年度
Year
助成名称または科学研究費補助金研究種目名
Name of grant or research classification for scientific research funding
研究題目
Research Title
役割(代表/非代表)
Role
助成団体
Granting body
助成金額
Grant amount
2017  科学研究費補助金  古墳時代鉄鏃の変化と地域性に関する数理的解析 
分担  日本学術振興会   

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2016  科学研究費補助金  考古学理論・実践の歴史・哲学的考察に基づく人文学の哲学の基盤構築 
代表  日本学術振興会  2800千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

2014  課題設定による先導的人文・社会科学研究推進事業  歴史科学諸分野の連携・総合による文化進化学の構築 
分担  日本学術振興会  1,1350千円 

研究内容(Research Content)  

備考(Remarks)  

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著書・学術論文に関する統計情報
年度
Academic Year
学術研究著書の件数
No. of Academic Books
学会誌・国際会議議事録等に掲載された学術論文の件数
No. of Academic Articles in Journals/Int'l Conference Papers
学内的な紀要等に掲載された学術論文の件数
No. of Academic Articles Pub'd in University Bulletins
学会受賞等の受賞件数
No. of Academic Awards Received
国際学会でのゲストスピーカーの件数
No. of Times as Guest Speaker at Int'l Academic Conferences
国際学会での研究発表の件数
No. of Presentations of Papers at Int'l Academic Conferences
国内学会でのゲストスピーカーの件数
No. of Times as Guest Speaker at National Academic Conf.
国内学会での研究発表の件数
No. of Papers Presented at National Academic Conf.
2019 
2018 
2017 
2016 
2015 
2014 
2013 
2012 
詳細表示

2019/06/12 更新