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発表学会等名称 Name, etc. of the conference at which the presentation is to be given, 主催者名称 Organizer, 掲載雑誌名等 Publishing Magazine,発行所 Publisher,巻/号 Vol./no.,頁数 Page nos.
2018  Polygamy and Christianity Revisited: Odun Balogun’s Intertextual Dialogue with TM Aluko’s One Man, One Wife in “Parable of a Great Grandson”   単独  2018/09/29 
"The Place of Truth": International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture  , International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture   

概要(Abstract) The conflict between Western Christianity and the indigenous cultures into which it has been introduced by European missionaries has long been a thematic subject in literary texts emanating from the African continent, particularly among the so-called first generation of writers who came of age during the colonial period. Prominent among these is the thorny issue of traditional marriage practices, particularly polygamy, versus mission Christianity’s demand for monogamy as a condition for admission to baptism. Odun Balogun’s 1995 story, “Parable of a Great Grandson,” in part offers a more contemporary reflection on this issue by a second-generation writer. Challenging the missionaries’ blanket rejection of polygamy as a potential form of Christian marriage, Balogun’s text suggests that in certain circumstances this rejection itself is in conflict with the spirit and demands of the Gospel. As he explores this theme Balogun’s text engages in an intertextual dialogue with earlier Nigerian texts that similarly explore this conflict, particularly T. M. Aluko’s 1958 novel, One Man, One Wife.

This presentation will examine the nature and purpose of marriage in the specifically Yoruba cultural context of Balogun’s and Aluko’s texts. Against this it will trace the historic development in the West of the doctrine of monogamy as the only acceptable form of Christian marriage. Employing the insights of missiology and contextual theology, it will then seek to explore the truth of the text’s assertions regarding certain forms of polygamous marriage as being consistent with the Gospel.
 

備考(Remarks)  

2016  Changing Places: Migration, Christianity and English-African Role Reversals in Freddy Macha’s “The Drunk and the Preacher”  その他  2016/09/11 
International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture  , International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture   

概要(Abstract) In the closing lines of Freddy Macha’s story, “The Drunk and the Preacher,” protagonist Renatus finds himself under arrest for harassment. A Christian preacher and refugee in London from Robert Mugabe’s Zimbabwe, Renatus’s offense was repeatedly inviting a panhandling street drunkard named Raymond, the son of a wealthy man, to liberate himself from alcohol by accepting Christian fellowship. As the police lead the handcuffed Renatus away, he begs to be allowed to take along “his only precious possession: the Bible” (14). The story thus turns on an ironic role reversal between African and European as evangelizer and evangelized that reflects the state of Christianity in many contemporary Western and African societies.
Since the mid twentieth century sub-Saharan Africa has witnessed the most dramatic growth in Christianity of any region on the planet. In the process, Africans have both taken control across the continent of the mainline Churches planted by Western missionaries and have also founded some 7,000 indigenous Christian dominations. Reflecting this shifting center of Christianity to the Global South, since the 1980s there has also been a great migration of African missionaries to an increasingly secularized and unchurched Europe and (to a lesser extent) North America that are becoming materialistic, narcissistic, hedonistic, and less receptive—if not hostile—to the Christian message. This presentation will discuss the shifting role of evangelizer and evangelized dramatized in this story against the historic background of the colonial project and its implications for the future of the global Church.
 

備考(Remarks)  

2014  The Prodigal Son in Contemporary Nigeria: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s "Cell One" as a Rediscovery of the Gospel Message  単独  2014/09/18 
International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture  , Helga Ramsey-Kurz   

概要(Abstract) Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s 2007 story, “Cell One,” is a conversion narrative that reads like a variation on the parable of the Prodigal Son set in contemporary Nigeria. On more than one occasion Adichie has lamented what she sees in contemporary Nigerian society as a “new age religiosity” that has forged an obscene link between religion, particularly certain sects of Christianity, and a growing obsession with material gain and socio-economic advancement. It is a religiosity that reflects Nigerian (and African) exposure to and absorption of the values and priorities of Western material culture that penetrated the continent side by side with Christian missionaries, and more recently with the narcissism of contemporary Western “me culture” expressed particularly in the worst elements of gangsta hip-hop that has become popular with youth across the continent. It is a religion at once far removed from the other-centred Christianity that Jesus embodied and at odds with the traditional values of Igbo and many other African societies.

This presentation examines how Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie explores and critiques this religiosity and charts a path to rediscovery and recovery of the Gospel message via a return to traditional Igbo— and Christian—values. 

備考(Remarks)  

2012  Christianity Brewed in an African Pot: Reading Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's 'The Shivering'  単独  2012/10/20 
Cultures of Transition: Presence, Absence, Memory  , International Association for Religion, Literature and Culture   

概要(Abstract) This paper discusses Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's story, 'The Shivering.' It examines how Christianity as presented in the story has transformed itself from a foreign religion associated with colonial domination to a truly African religion that speaks to and expresses African religious sensibilities. 

備考(Remarks)  

2008  Converting Cultures: A Theological Reading of Chinua Achebe's 'Marriage is a Private Affair'   単独  2008/10/18 
International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture   

概要(Abstract) Drawing on the insights of missiology and contextual theology, in this paper offers a theological reading of Achebe’s early story, “Marriage is a Private Affair.” It shows how this story concisely explores and dramatizes the dynamics of the process of conversion, which leads to and ultimately results in the creation of new cultural norms that successfully inculturate the demands of the Gospel. 

備考(Remarks)  

2004  Contested Translations: The Gospel versus Foreign Missionaries in John Munonye's Obi   単独  2004/04/04 
University of Kent Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities    

概要(Abstract) The clash between Christianity and local culture is a recurring theme in postcolonial African fiction. Drawing on the insights of contextual theology and contemporary missiology this paper examines the coflict between missionary and indigene over interpreting the Gospel in Obi, the second novel of John Munonye, a consciously Catholic Nigerian Igbo writer who was a contemporary and friend of Chinua Achebe.  

備考(Remarks)  

1998  ポストコロニアル小説における宣教師:3つのイメージ   単独  1998/05 
日本キリスト教文学会第27回全国大会   , 日本キリスト教文学会   

概要(Abstract) This paper examined the portrayal of Christian missionaries in three postcolonial African novels. 

備考(Remarks)  

1988  The Portrayal of the Father and Son Relationship in the Novels of Chaim Potok   単独  1988/10 
American Literature Society of Japan 27th National Convention   , American Literature Society of Japan   

概要(Abstract) This paper examined the use of the father-son relationship in the novels of Chaim Potok.  

備考(Remarks)  

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