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発表学会等名称 Name, etc. of the conference at which the presentation is to be given, 主催者名称 Organizer, 掲載雑誌名等 Publishing Magazine,発行所 Publisher,巻/号 Vol./no.,頁数 Page nos.
2016  'Rhetorical' Controversy between Augustine and Julian of Eclanum − Different Anthropologies of Both Polemists and Social Backgrounds –  単独  2016/9/10 
ASIA-PACIFIC EARLY CHRISTIAN STUDIES SOCIETY 10th Annual Conference  , Centre for Early Christian Studies, Australian Catholic University, at Saint-Petersburg State University for Aerospace Instrumentation, Research and Education Center for Religion, Philosophy and Culture Studies, St Petersburg,Russia   

概要(Abstract) Julian of Eclanum, one of the disciples of Pelagius, tormented Augustine greatly in his later years about the dogmatic evaluations of the freedom of will, sexual desire, original sin, among other things. Augustine’s victory in the serious Controversy with Julian made it possible to make Augustine’s theory of original sin an important creed of the western Churches. Nevertheless, if we survey the history of Christian creeds in wider perspective, we can recognize the significant fact that neither Augustine’s theory of original sin nor his theory of predestination have been included in any creed of the eastern Churches. This historical fact should make us to reconsider the last controversy with Julian and also make us reexamine the legitimacy of Augustine’s theory of original sin, particularly his interpretation of human sexual desire. In this presentation, after pointing out the rhetorical character of the controversy, the critical core arguments of both polemists will be explored. Finally, I would like to clarify the social and ecclesiastical reasons of the time behind Augustine’s theory becoming a creed of the western Churches.  

備考(Remarks)  

2015  Pelagius’ Narrative Techniques – Rhetorical Influences and Negative Responses from Opponents  単独  2015/8 
The Seventeenth International Conference on Patristic Studies(第17回国際教父学会、於:英国オクスフォード大学)  , The Seventeenth International Conference on Patristic Studies  , Studia Patristica   

概要(Abstract) The aims of this presentation are to describe Pelagius’ narrative techniques and their rhetorical influences on his followers, and then to clarify why his opponents responded negatively to his rhetorical assertions. I will focus on two kinds of rhetoric used by Pelagius. One of them is the same-person narrative in his Pauline commentaries. Here, Pelagius overlays the subject of himself onto the subject of Paul’s text, and simultaneously overlays a third subject, that of the text readers. That is, Paul’s ‘I’ sees his opponents at this time; Pelagius’ ‘I’ sees the negative circumstances persisting in the Roman churches of his day; and the reader’s ‘I’ sees her or his personal situation that is to be overcome. The other rhetorical technique I will explore is the classical method of reasoning ‘from the minor to the major’. Pelagius used these two narrative techniques to encourage his followers.

Such rhetorical techniques played a very important role in intensifying the will of Pelagius’ followers, particularly Roman women Christians. However, at the same time, Pelagius’ narrative rhetoric was misunderstood and in some cases intentionally distorted, and came to be considered ‘heretical’ assertions by his opponents in polemical contexts. For example, in the proceedings of the Synod of Diospolis, only a part of his rhetorical narratives was cited and attacked sarcastically. His opponents often separated his work from their original contexts, in which Pelagius criticized the excessive immorality he saw in the very inside of the Roman churches. 

備考(Remarks)  

2013  Equality of Men and Women in Free Will:The Narrative Technique of Pelagius’Letters and Pauline Commentaries  単独  2013/10/05 
Early Christian Centuries I Conference  , Asia-Pacific Early Christian Studies Society   

概要(Abstract) In examinations of the so-called Pelagian controversy, there used to be a tendency towards considering where priority should be given, God’s grace or human free will. The origins of the controversy lay in the theme of the possibility of sinlessness. The point in dispute seemed to be whether it was possible for humans to be sinless by the power of free will without God’s grace. Jerome and Augustine considered Pelagius’ statement on the possibility of sinlessness and his emphasis on the power of human nature and free will as dangerous heretical assertions denying the necessity of divine grace, and above all eliminating the place of Christ’s crucifixion. Nevertheless, Pelagius did not deny God’s grace at all. He admitted not only the need for forgiveness of sins and justification by faith alone, but also recognised the place of the working of Holy Spirit. Pelagius’ standpoint was considered at times to be meritocratic, and also synergistic. In any case, the crucial point was that Pelagius strongly emphasized human nature and free will.
In this article, before investigating how and why Pelagius continued to promote and encourage the development of free will among his followers, results of recent studies which explore the quite different approaches of Augustine and Pelagius to human nature and free will will be considered.
 

備考(Remarks)  

2011  Origin of Pelagian Monastic Ethos: ‘exemplum Christi’, ‘sapientia’ and ‘imperturbabilitas’  単独  2011/8 
The Sixteenth International Conference on Patristic Studies(第16回国際教父学会、於:英国オクスフォード大学)  , The Sixteenth International Conference on Patristic Studies  , Studia Patristica   

概要(Abstract) This study attempts to show that translations by
Rufinus of Aquileia and the Sermons of Chromatius of Aquileia both had significant influence on Pelagius' ascetic key concepts: exemplum Christi, sapientia and imperturbabilitaas. The concept of exemplum Christi was central to Pelagius' understanding of the ascetic life, and it is generally accepted that Pelagius took this concept from Origen's Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, translated by Rufinus of Aquileia. In his use of the concept Pelagius may also have been influenced by Chromatius, bishop of Aquileia, who was a close friend of Rufinus. The evidence for this will be presented later in the course of this article. In their thought concerning sapientia mediated by the Holy Spirit, we find a clear similarity between Pelagius' understanding and ideas found both in the Sentences of Sextus and in the work of St Basil. The Sentences of Sextus and several of Basil's writings were translated into Latin by Rufinus. Pelagius used the word imperturbabilitas itself sparingly; but he repeatedly emphasized similar concepts that expressed the process by which the human condition may be prepared for the Holy Spirit's indwelling. It is clear that this concept does not correspond to apatheia as this was understood by the Stoics, but it is rather the notion of metriopatheia in the Peripatetic school. We can point to marked similarities between Pelagius' understanding of imperturbabilitas and metriopatheia in the scheme of Evagrius Ponticus. Rufinus of Aquileia was very familiar with the writings of Evagrius and translated the latter's Sententiae into Latin. Here again we can point to contact between Pelagius and Rufinus of Aquileia. 

備考(Remarks)  

2010  世俗化した教会の制度化と権威主義化に抗して:ペラギウス派修道倫理の影響力と挫折  単独  2010年9月10日 
第61回 キリスト教史学会  , キリスト教史学会  , 第61回   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks) シンポジウム:「キリスト教はローマに何をもたらしたか」の3名のパネリストの内の一人として発表を行った。 

2010  西方教会の『構造転換』:ペラギウス派の思想史的起源を手がかりに  単独  2010年6月26日 
日本宣教学会   

概要(Abstract)  

備考(Remarks)  

2009  ペラギウスとアウグスティヌスにおける洗礼・聖霊理解の相違を巡って−三本論文(『キリスト教史学』第62集所収)の拙著言及への応答として−  単独  2009/11/21 
キリスト教史学会第60回大会(国際基督教大学)  , キリスト教史学会   

概要(Abstract) 2007年度キリスト教史学会に於いてなされた三ッ本武仁氏による発表内容が、2008年度の『キリスト教史学第62集』に掲載された。当該発表ならびに当該論文に於いて三ッ本氏は、拙著『キリストの模範』に言及し、アウグスティヌスとペラギウスの聖霊理解の違いに関して、ペラギウス側の理解については全面的に拙著に依拠する論旨を展開していた。三ッ本氏の論旨にはいくつかの極めて重要な誤りが含まれていたため、本発表に於いてそれらの誤りについて批判的に検証すると共に、ペラギウス派の思想的起源をめぐる最近の研究成果を取り込みながら、アウグスティヌスとペラギウスにおける聖霊理解の相違には、どのような神学思想の流れが背後に存在したのかについて論証した。とりわけ、ペラギウス派の思想的起源として、アクイレイアのルフィーヌスが翻訳したバシレイオスやエヴァグリオスらの見解との類似性が指摘され、わけてもその覚知論がペラギウス派にも、聖霊理解の中心的見解として継承されており、その点が、感情も含めた霊的歓喜に聖霊の働きを観ようとしたアウグスティヌスとは決定的に異なっていたことを指摘した。 

備考(Remarks)  

2006  東西キリスト教のパラダイ ム−ペラギウス派におけるパイデイア思想と神学的パラダイム転換−   単独  2006/9 
第6回東方キリスト教学会(於:蓼科ホテルハイジ)  , 東方キリスト教学会  , エイコーン   

概要(Abstract) 本発表では、東西キリスト教のパラダイムの違いが何
時、どのような出来事を契機に生じたのかについて、古代末期のアウグスティヌスとペラギウス派との論争にその分岐点を見、何がどのように変わったのかを浮き彫りにしようと試みた。その際、とりわけ人間の自然本性に対する捉え方と、堕罪論、原罪論の内容が大きく変化したことを、アウグスティヌスの『シンプリキアヌスへ』という書簡の記述、ならびにペラギウスの『パウロ注解』を手がかりに解明した。 

備考(Remarks)  

2004  「巡礼と聖遺物─古代末期における聖性観の変化」  単独  2004/09 
東方キリスト教学会  , 第4回大会   

概要(Abstract) 古代末期のキリスト教世界において、巡礼と聖遺物に関する理解が東方と西方とでは既に異なるものとなりつつあったことを、教会教父の文献を通して明らかにした。とりわけ、東方教父の基本的理解とアウグステョヌスによる巡礼観の変化とを考察の対象とした。 

備考(Remarks)  

1999  Infant Baptism and the Theological Reasons for it in the Ancient Church   単独  1999/8 
The Thirteenth International Conference on Patristic Studies(第13回国際教父学会、於:英国オクスフォード大学)  , The Thirteenth International Conference on Patristic Studies   

概要(Abstract) 本発表では、ペラギウス派が原罪を癒す目的での幼児洗礼を否定するものとして排斥された点に注目し、本来幼児洗礼を認めていた彼らがなぜ排斥されたのかを、文献学的および考古学的データにより検証した。ペラギウス派も幼児洗礼を認めていたが、それは死の危機に瀕した幼児への緊急洗礼であった。それに対して、アウグスティヌスの原罪論による理論的裏付けを得ることによって原罪への癒しとして幼児洗礼が義務化されることとなった。 

備考(Remarks)  

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